3 Search Results for "Bravo, Manuel"


Document
Liveness and Latency of Byzantine State-Machine Replication

Authors: Manuel Bravo, Gregory Chockler, and Alexey Gotsman

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 246, 36th International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2022)


Abstract
Byzantine state-machine replication (SMR) ensures the consistency of replicated state in the presence of malicious replicas and lies at the heart of the modern blockchain technology. Byzantine SMR protocols often guarantee safety under all circumstances and liveness only under synchrony. However, guaranteeing liveness even under this assumption is nontrivial. So far we have lacked systematic ways of incorporating liveness mechanisms into Byzantine SMR protocols, which often led to subtle bugs. To close this gap, we introduce a modular framework to facilitate the design of provably live and efficient Byzantine SMR protocols. Our framework relies on a view abstraction generated by a special SMR synchronizer primitive to drive the agreement on command ordering. We present a simple formal specification of an SMR synchronizer and its bounded-space implementation under partial synchrony. We also apply our specification to prove liveness and analyze the latency of three Byzantine SMR protocols via a uniform methodology. In particular, one of these results yields what we believe is the first rigorous liveness proof for the algorithmic core of the seminal PBFT protocol.

Cite as

Manuel Bravo, Gregory Chockler, and Alexey Gotsman. Liveness and Latency of Byzantine State-Machine Replication. In 36th International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 246, pp. 12:1-12:19, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)


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@InProceedings{bravo_et_al:LIPIcs.DISC.2022.12,
  author =	{Bravo, Manuel and Chockler, Gregory and Gotsman, Alexey},
  title =	{{Liveness and Latency of Byzantine State-Machine Replication}},
  booktitle =	{36th International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2022)},
  pages =	{12:1--12:19},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-255-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{246},
  editor =	{Scheideler, Christian},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.DISC.2022.12},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-172037},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.DISC.2022.12},
  annote =	{Keywords: Replication, blockchain, partial synchrony, liveness}
}
Document
Making Byzantine Consensus Live

Authors: Manuel Bravo, Gregory Chockler, and Alexey Gotsman

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 179, 34th International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2020)


Abstract
Partially synchronous Byzantine consensus protocols typically structure their execution into a sequence of views, each with a designated leader process. The key to guaranteeing liveness in these protocols is to ensure that all correct processes eventually overlap in a view with a correct leader for long enough to reach a decision. We propose a simple view synchronizer abstraction that encapsulates the corresponding functionality for Byzantine consensus protocols, thus simplifying their design. We present a formal specification of a view synchronizer and its implementation under partial synchrony, which runs in bounded space despite tolerating message loss during asynchronous periods. We show that our synchronizer specification is strong enough to guarantee liveness for single-shot versions of several well-known Byzantine consensus protocols, including HotStuff, Tendermint, PBFT and SBFT. We furthermore give precise latency bounds for these protocols when using our synchronizer. By factoring out the functionality of view synchronization we are able to specify and analyze the protocols in a uniform framework, which allows comparing them and highlights trade-offs.

Cite as

Manuel Bravo, Gregory Chockler, and Alexey Gotsman. Making Byzantine Consensus Live. In 34th International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2020). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 179, pp. 23:1-23:17, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)


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@InProceedings{bravo_et_al:LIPIcs.DISC.2020.23,
  author =	{Bravo, Manuel and Chockler, Gregory and Gotsman, Alexey},
  title =	{{Making Byzantine Consensus Live}},
  booktitle =	{34th International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2020)},
  pages =	{23:1--23:17},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-168-9},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{179},
  editor =	{Attiya, Hagit},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.DISC.2020.23},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-131013},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.DISC.2020.23},
  annote =	{Keywords: Byzantine consensus, blockchain, partial synchrony, liveness}
}
Document
On the Relationship between Consistent Query Answering and Constraint Satisfaction Problems

Authors: Carsten Lutz and Frank Wolter

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 31, 18th International Conference on Database Theory (ICDT 2015)


Abstract
Recently, Fontaine has pointed out a connection between consistent query answering (CQA) and constraint satisfaction problems (CSP) [Fontaine, LICS 2013]. We investigate this connection more closely, identifying classes of CQA problems based on denial constraints and GAV constraints that correspond exactly to CSPs in the sense that a complexity classification of the CQA problems in each class is equivalent (up to FO-reductions) to classifying the complexity of all CSPs. We obtain these classes by admitting only monadic relations and only a single variable in denial constraints/GAVs and restricting queries to hypertree UCQs. We also observe that dropping the requirement of UCQs to be hypertrees corresponds to transitioning from CSP to its logical generalization MMSNP and identify a further relaxation that corresponds to transitioning from MMSNP to GMSNP (also know as MMSNP_2). Moreover, we use the CSP connection to carry over decidability of FO-rewritability and Datalog-rewritability to some of the identified classes of CQA problems.

Cite as

Carsten Lutz and Frank Wolter. On the Relationship between Consistent Query Answering and Constraint Satisfaction Problems. In 18th International Conference on Database Theory (ICDT 2015). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 31, pp. 363-379, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2015)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{lutz_et_al:LIPIcs.ICDT.2015.363,
  author =	{Lutz, Carsten and Wolter, Frank},
  title =	{{On the Relationship between Consistent Query Answering and Constraint Satisfaction Problems}},
  booktitle =	{18th International Conference on Database Theory (ICDT 2015)},
  pages =	{363--379},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-939897-79-8},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2015},
  volume =	{31},
  editor =	{Arenas, Marcelo and Ugarte, Mart{\'\i}n},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICDT.2015.363},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-49958},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICDT.2015.363},
  annote =	{Keywords: Consistent Query Answering, Constraint Satisfaction, Data Complexity, Dichotomies, Rewritability}
}
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