5 Search Results for "Denecker, Marc"


Document
Current and Future Challenges in Knowledge Representation and Reasoning (Dagstuhl Perspectives Workshop 22282)

Authors: James P. Delgrande, Birte Glimm, Thomas Meyer, Miroslaw Truszczynski, and Frank Wolter

Published in: Dagstuhl Manifestos, Volume 10, Issue 1 (2024)


Abstract
Knowledge Representation and Reasoning is a central, longstanding, and active area of Artificial Intelligence. Over the years it has evolved significantly; more recently it has been challenged and complemented by research in areas such as machine learning and reasoning under uncertainty. In July 2022,sser a Dagstuhl Perspectives workshop was held on Knowledge Representation and Reasoning. The goal of the workshop was to describe the state of the art in the field, including its relation with other areas, its shortcomings and strengths, together with recommendations for future progress. We developed this manifesto based on the presentations, panels, working groups, and discussions that took place at the Dagstuhl Workshop. It is a declaration of our views on Knowledge Representation: its origins, goals, milestones, and current foci; its relation to other disciplines, especially to Artificial Intelligence; and on its challenges, along with key priorities for the next decade.

Cite as

James P. Delgrande, Birte Glimm, Thomas Meyer, Miroslaw Truszczynski, and Frank Wolter. Current and Future Challenges in Knowledge Representation and Reasoning (Dagstuhl Perspectives Workshop 22282). In Dagstuhl Manifestos, Volume 10, Issue 1, pp. 1-61, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


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@Article{delgrande_et_al:DagMan.10.1.1,
  author =	{Delgrande, James P. and Glimm, Birte and Meyer, Thomas and Truszczynski, Miroslaw and Wolter, Frank},
  title =	{{Current and Future Challenges in Knowledge Representation and Reasoning (Dagstuhl Perspectives Workshop 22282)}},
  pages =	{1--61},
  journal =	{Dagstuhl Manifestos},
  ISSN =	{2193-2433},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{10},
  number =	{1},
  editor =	{Delgrande, James P. and Glimm, Birte and Meyer, Thomas and Truszczynski, Miroslaw and Wolter, Frank},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/DagMan.10.1.1},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-201403},
  doi =		{10.4230/DagMan.10.1.1},
  annote =	{Keywords: Knowledge representation and reasoning, Applications of logics, Declarative representations, Formal logic}
}
Document
A Compositional Typed Higher-Order Logic with Definitions

Authors: Ingmar Dasseville, Matthias van der Hallen, Bart Bogaerts, Gerda Janssens, and Marc Denecker

Published in: OASIcs, Volume 52, Technical Communications of the 32nd International Conference on Logic Programming (ICLP 2016)


Abstract
Expressive KR languages are built by integrating different language constructs, or extending a language with new language constructs. This process is difficult if non-truth-functional or non-monotonic constructs are involved. What is needed is a compositional principle. This paper presents a compositional principle for defining logics by modular composition of logical constructs, and applies it to build a higher order logic integrating typed lambda calculus and rule sets under a well-founded or stable semantics. Logical constructs are formalized as triples of a syntactical rule, a semantical rule, and a typing rule. The paper describes how syntax, typing and semantics of the logic are composed from the set of its language constructs. The base semantical concept is the infon: mappings from structures to values in these structures. Semantical operators of language constructs operate on infons and allow to construct the infons of compound expressions from the infons of its subexpressions. This conforms to Frege's principle of compositionality.

Cite as

Ingmar Dasseville, Matthias van der Hallen, Bart Bogaerts, Gerda Janssens, and Marc Denecker. A Compositional Typed Higher-Order Logic with Definitions. In Technical Communications of the 32nd International Conference on Logic Programming (ICLP 2016). Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs), Volume 52, pp. 14:1-14:13, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2016)


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@InProceedings{dasseville_et_al:OASIcs.ICLP.2016.14,
  author =	{Dasseville, Ingmar and van der Hallen, Matthias and Bogaerts, Bart and Janssens, Gerda and Denecker, Marc},
  title =	{{A Compositional Typed Higher-Order Logic with Definitions}},
  booktitle =	{Technical Communications of the 32nd International Conference on Logic Programming (ICLP 2016)},
  pages =	{14:1--14:13},
  series =	{Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-007-1},
  ISSN =	{2190-6807},
  year =	{2016},
  volume =	{52},
  editor =	{Carro, Manuel and King, Andy and Saeedloei, Neda and De Vos, Marina},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/OASIcs.ICLP.2016.14},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-67447},
  doi =		{10.4230/OASIcs.ICLP.2016.14},
  annote =	{Keywords: Logic, Semantics, Compositionality}
}
Document
Modeling Machine Learning and Data Mining Problems with FO(·)

Authors: Hendrik Blockeel, Bart Bogaerts, Maurice Bruynooghe, Broes De Cat, Stef De Pooter, Marc Denecker, Anthony Labarre, Jan Ramon, and Sicco Verwer

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 17, Technical Communications of the 28th International Conference on Logic Programming (ICLP'12) (2012)


Abstract
This paper reports on the use of the FO(·) language and the IDP framework for modeling and solving some machine learning and data mining tasks. The core component of a model in the IDP framework is an FO(·) theory consisting of formulas in first order logic and definitions; the latter are basically logic programs where clause bodies can have arbitrary first order formulas. Hence, it is a small step for a well-versed computer scientist to start modeling. We describe some models resulting from the collaboration between IDP experts and domain experts solving machine learning and data mining tasks. A first task is in the domain of stemmatology, a domain of philology concerned with the relationship between surviving variant versions of text. A second task is about a somewhat similar problem within biology where phylogenetic trees are used to represent the evolution of species. A third and final task is about learning a minimal automaton consistent with a given set of strings. For each task, we introduce the problem, present the IDP code and report on some experiments.

Cite as

Hendrik Blockeel, Bart Bogaerts, Maurice Bruynooghe, Broes De Cat, Stef De Pooter, Marc Denecker, Anthony Labarre, Jan Ramon, and Sicco Verwer. Modeling Machine Learning and Data Mining Problems with FO(·). In Technical Communications of the 28th International Conference on Logic Programming (ICLP'12). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 17, pp. 14-25, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2012)


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@InProceedings{blockeel_et_al:LIPIcs.ICLP.2012.14,
  author =	{Blockeel, Hendrik and Bogaerts, Bart and Bruynooghe, Maurice and De Cat, Broes and De Pooter, Stef and Denecker, Marc and Labarre, Anthony and Ramon, Jan and Verwer, Sicco},
  title =	{{Modeling Machine Learning and Data Mining Problems with FO(·)}},
  booktitle =	{Technical Communications of the 28th International Conference on Logic Programming (ICLP'12)},
  pages =	{14--25},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-939897-43-9},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2012},
  volume =	{17},
  editor =	{Dovier, Agostino and Santos Costa, V{\'\i}tor},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICLP.2012.14},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-36049},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICLP.2012.14},
  annote =	{Keywords: Knowledge representation and reasoning, declarative modeling, logic programming, knowledge base systems, FO(·), IDP framework, stemmatology, phylogene}
}
Document
Lazy Model Expansion by Incremental Grounding

Authors: Broes De Cat, Marc Denecker, and Peter Stuckey

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 17, Technical Communications of the 28th International Conference on Logic Programming (ICLP'12) (2012)


Abstract
Ground-and-solve methods used in state-of-the-art Answer Set Programming and model expansion systems proceed by rewriting the problem specification into a ground format and afterwards applying search. A disadvantage of such approaches is that the rewriting step blows up the original specification for large input domains and is unfeasible in case of infinite domains. In this paper we describe a lazy approach to model expansion in the context of first-order logic that can cope with large and infinite problem domains. The method interleaves grounding and search, incrementally extending the current partial grounding only when necessary. It often allows to solve the original problem without creating the full grounding and is hence more widely applicable than ground-and-solve. We report on an existing implementation within the IDP system and on experiments that show the promise of the method.

Cite as

Broes De Cat, Marc Denecker, and Peter Stuckey. Lazy Model Expansion by Incremental Grounding. In Technical Communications of the 28th International Conference on Logic Programming (ICLP'12). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 17, pp. 201-211, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2012)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{decat_et_al:LIPIcs.ICLP.2012.201,
  author =	{De Cat, Broes and Denecker, Marc and Stuckey, Peter},
  title =	{{Lazy Model Expansion by Incremental Grounding}},
  booktitle =	{Technical Communications of the 28th International Conference on Logic Programming (ICLP'12)},
  pages =	{201--211},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-939897-43-9},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2012},
  volume =	{17},
  editor =	{Dovier, Agostino and Santos Costa, V{\'\i}tor},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICLP.2012.201},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-36222},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICLP.2012.201},
  annote =	{Keywords: Knowledge representation and reasoning, model generation, grounding, IDP framework, first-order logic}
}
Document
A Tarskian Informal Semantics for Answer Set Programming

Authors: Marc Denecker, Yuliya Lierler, Miroslaw Truszczynski, and Joost Vennekens

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 17, Technical Communications of the 28th International Conference on Logic Programming (ICLP'12) (2012)


Abstract
In their seminal papers on stable model semantics, Gelfond and Lifschitz introduced ASP by casting programs as epistemic theories, in which rules represent statements about the knowledge of a rational agent. To the best of our knowledge, theirs is still the only published systematic account of the intuitive meaning of rules and programs under the stable semantics. In current ASP practice, however, we find numerous applications in which rational agents no longer seem to play any role. Therefore, we propose here an alternative explanation of the intuitive meaning of ASP programs, in which they are not viewed as statements about an agent's beliefs, but as objective statements about the world. We argue that this view is more natural for a large part of current ASP practice, in particular the so-called Generate-Define-Test programs.

Cite as

Marc Denecker, Yuliya Lierler, Miroslaw Truszczynski, and Joost Vennekens. A Tarskian Informal Semantics for Answer Set Programming. In Technical Communications of the 28th International Conference on Logic Programming (ICLP'12). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 17, pp. 277-289, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2012)


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@InProceedings{denecker_et_al:LIPIcs.ICLP.2012.277,
  author =	{Denecker, Marc and Lierler, Yuliya and Truszczynski, Miroslaw and Vennekens, Joost},
  title =	{{A Tarskian Informal Semantics for Answer Set Programming}},
  booktitle =	{Technical Communications of the 28th International Conference on Logic Programming (ICLP'12)},
  pages =	{277--289},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-939897-43-9},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2012},
  volume =	{17},
  editor =	{Dovier, Agostino and Santos Costa, V{\'\i}tor},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICLP.2012.277},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-36295},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICLP.2012.277},
  annote =	{Keywords: Answer set programming, informal semantics, generate-define-test}
}
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