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Possible and Certain Answers for Queries over Order-Incomplete Data

Authors: Antoine Amarilli, Mouhamadou Lamine Ba, Daniel Deutch, and Pierre Senellart

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 90, 24th International Symposium on Temporal Representation and Reasoning (TIME 2017)


Abstract
To combine and query ordered data from multiple sources, one needs to handle uncertainty about the possible orderings. Examples of such "order-incomplete" data include integrated event sequences such as log entries; lists of properties (e.g., hotels and restaurants) ranked by an unknown function reflecting relevance or customer ratings; and documents edited concurrently with an uncertain order on edits. This paper introduces a query language for order-incomplete data, based on the positive relational algebra with order-aware accumulation. We use partial orders to represent order-incomplete data, and study possible and certain answers for queries in this context. We show that these problems are respectively NP-complete and coNP-complete, but identify many tractable cases depending on the query operators or input partial orders.

Cite as

Antoine Amarilli, Mouhamadou Lamine Ba, Daniel Deutch, and Pierre Senellart. Possible and Certain Answers for Queries over Order-Incomplete Data. In 24th International Symposium on Temporal Representation and Reasoning (TIME 2017). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 90, pp. 4:1-4:19, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2017)


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@InProceedings{amarilli_et_al:LIPIcs.TIME.2017.4,
  author =	{Amarilli, Antoine and Ba, Mouhamadou Lamine and Deutch, Daniel and Senellart, Pierre},
  title =	{{Possible and Certain Answers for Queries over Order-Incomplete Data}},
  booktitle =	{24th International Symposium on Temporal Representation and Reasoning (TIME 2017)},
  pages =	{4:1--4:19},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-052-1},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2017},
  volume =	{90},
  editor =	{Schewe, Sven and Schneider, Thomas and Wijsen, Jef},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.TIME.2017.4},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-79311},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.TIME.2017.4},
  annote =	{Keywords: certain answer, possible answer, partial order, uncertain data}
}
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