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Low Rank Approximation in the Presence of Outliers

Authors: Aditya Bhaskara and Srivatsan Kumar

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 116, Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2018)


Abstract
We consider the problem of principal component analysis (PCA) in the presence of outliers. Given a matrix A (d x n) and parameters k, m, the goal is to remove a set of at most m columns of A (outliers), so as to minimize the rank-k approximation error of the remaining matrix (inliers). While much of the work on this problem has focused on recovery of the rank-k subspace under assumptions on the inliers and outliers, we focus on the approximation problem. Our main result shows that sampling-based methods developed in the outlier-free case give non-trivial guarantees even in the presence of outliers. Using this insight, we develop a simple algorithm that has bi-criteria guarantees. Further, unlike similar formulations for clustering, we show that bi-criteria guarantees are unavoidable for the problem, under appropriate complexity assumptions.

Cite as

Aditya Bhaskara and Srivatsan Kumar. Low Rank Approximation in the Presence of Outliers. In Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2018). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 116, pp. 4:1-4:16, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2018)


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@InProceedings{bhaskara_et_al:LIPIcs.APPROX-RANDOM.2018.4,
  author =	{Bhaskara, Aditya and Kumar, Srivatsan},
  title =	{{Low Rank Approximation in the Presence of Outliers}},
  booktitle =	{Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2018)},
  pages =	{4:1--4:16},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-085-9},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2018},
  volume =	{116},
  editor =	{Blais, Eric and Jansen, Klaus and D. P. Rolim, Jos\'{e} and Steurer, David},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX-RANDOM.2018.4},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-94087},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX-RANDOM.2018.4},
  annote =	{Keywords: Low rank approximation, PCA, Robustness to outliers}
}
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