3 Search Results for "Nogatz, Falco"


Document
Definite Clause Grammars with Parse Trees: Extension for Prolog

Authors: Falco Nogatz, Dietmar Seipel, and Salvador Abreu

Published in: OASIcs, Volume 74, 8th Symposium on Languages, Applications and Technologies (SLATE 2019)


Abstract
Definite Clause Grammars (DCGs) are a convenient way to specify possibly non-context-free grammars for natural and formal languages. They can be used to progressively build a parse tree as grammar rules are applied by providing an extra argument in the DCG rule’s head. In the simplest way, this is a structure that contains the name of the used nonterminal. This extension of a DCG has been proposed for natural language processing in the past and can be done automatically in Prolog using term expansion. We extend this approach by a meta-nonterminal to specify optional and sequences of nonterminals, as these structures are common in grammars for formal, domain-specific languages. We specify a term expansion that represents these sequences as lists while preserving the grammar’s ability to be used both for parsing and serialising, i.e. to create a parse tree by a given source code and vice-versa. We show that this mechanism can be used to lift grammars specified in extended Backus-Naur form (EBNF) to generate parse trees. As a case study, we present a parser for the Prolog programming language itself based only on the grammars given in the ISO Prolog standard which produces corresponding parse trees.

Cite as

Falco Nogatz, Dietmar Seipel, and Salvador Abreu. Definite Clause Grammars with Parse Trees: Extension for Prolog. In 8th Symposium on Languages, Applications and Technologies (SLATE 2019). Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs), Volume 74, pp. 7:1-7:14, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{nogatz_et_al:OASIcs.SLATE.2019.7,
  author =	{Nogatz, Falco and Seipel, Dietmar and Abreu, Salvador},
  title =	{{Definite Clause Grammars with Parse Trees: Extension for Prolog}},
  booktitle =	{8th Symposium on Languages, Applications and Technologies (SLATE 2019)},
  pages =	{7:1--7:14},
  series =	{Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-114-6},
  ISSN =	{2190-6807},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{74},
  editor =	{Rodrigues, Ricardo and Janou\v{s}ek, Jan and Ferreira, Lu{\'\i}s and Coheur, Lu{\'\i}sa and Batista, Fernando and Gon\c{c}alo Oliveira, Hugo},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/OASIcs.SLATE.2019.7},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-108743},
  doi =		{10.4230/OASIcs.SLATE.2019.7},
  annote =	{Keywords: Definite Clause Grammar, Prolog, Term Expansion, Parse Tree, EBNF}
}
Document
Alexa, How Can I Reason with Prolog?

Authors: Falco Nogatz, Julia Kübert, Dietmar Seipel, and Salvador Abreu

Published in: OASIcs, Volume 74, 8th Symposium on Languages, Applications and Technologies (SLATE 2019)


Abstract
As with Amazon’s Echo and its conversational agent Alexa, smart voice-controlled devices become ever more present in daily life, and many different applications can be integrated into this platform. In this paper, we present a framework that eases the development of skills in Prolog. As Prolog has a long history in natural language processing, we may integrate well-established techniques, such as reasoning about knowledge with Attempto Controlled English, instead of depending on example phrases and pre-defined slots.

Cite as

Falco Nogatz, Julia Kübert, Dietmar Seipel, and Salvador Abreu. Alexa, How Can I Reason with Prolog?. In 8th Symposium on Languages, Applications and Technologies (SLATE 2019). Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs), Volume 74, pp. 17:1-17:9, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{nogatz_et_al:OASIcs.SLATE.2019.17,
  author =	{Nogatz, Falco and K\"{u}bert, Julia and Seipel, Dietmar and Abreu, Salvador},
  title =	{{Alexa, How Can I Reason with Prolog?}},
  booktitle =	{8th Symposium on Languages, Applications and Technologies (SLATE 2019)},
  pages =	{17:1--17:9},
  series =	{Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-114-6},
  ISSN =	{2190-6807},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{74},
  editor =	{Rodrigues, Ricardo and Janou\v{s}ek, Jan and Ferreira, Lu{\'\i}s and Coheur, Lu{\'\i}sa and Batista, Fernando and Gon\c{c}alo Oliveira, Hugo},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/OASIcs.SLATE.2019.17},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-108841},
  doi =		{10.4230/OASIcs.SLATE.2019.17},
  annote =	{Keywords: Prolog, Attempto Controlled English, Voice-Controlled Agents, Controlled Natural Language}
}
Document
Declarative Rules for Annotated Expert Knowledge in Change Management

Authors: Dietmar Seipel, Rüdiger von der Weth, Salvador Abreu, Falco Nogatz, and Alexander Werner

Published in: OASIcs, Volume 51, 5th Symposium on Languages, Applications and Technologies (SLATE'16) (2016)


Abstract
In this paper, we use declarative and domain-specific languages for representing expert knowledge in the field of change management in organisational psychology. Expert rules obtained in practical case studies are represented as declarative rules in a deductive database. The expert rules are annotated by information describing their provenance and confidence. Additional provenance information for the whole - or parts of the - rule base can be given by ontologies. Deductive databases allow for declaratively defining the semantics of the expert knowledge with rules; the evaluation of the rules can be optimised and the inference mechanisms could be changed, since they are specified in an abstract way. As the logical syntax of rules had been a problem in previous applications of deductive databases, we use specially designed domain-specific languages to make the rule syntax easier for non-programmers. The semantics of the whole knowledge base is declarative. The rules are written declaratively in an extension datalogs of the well-known deductive database language datalog on the data level, and additional datalogs rules can configure the processing of the annotated rules and the ontologies.

Cite as

Dietmar Seipel, Rüdiger von der Weth, Salvador Abreu, Falco Nogatz, and Alexander Werner. Declarative Rules for Annotated Expert Knowledge in Change Management. In 5th Symposium on Languages, Applications and Technologies (SLATE'16). Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs), Volume 51, pp. 7:1-7:16, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2016)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{seipel_et_al:OASIcs.SLATE.2016.7,
  author =	{Seipel, Dietmar and von der Weth, R\"{u}diger and Abreu, Salvador and Nogatz, Falco and Werner, Alexander},
  title =	{{Declarative Rules for Annotated Expert Knowledge in Change Management}},
  booktitle =	{5th Symposium on Languages, Applications and Technologies (SLATE'16)},
  pages =	{7:1--7:16},
  series =	{Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-006-4},
  ISSN =	{2190-6807},
  year =	{2016},
  volume =	{51},
  editor =	{Mernik, Marjan and Leal, Jos\'{e} Paulo and Gon\c{c}alo Oliveira, Hugo},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/OASIcs.SLATE.2016.7},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-60124},
  doi =		{10.4230/OASIcs.SLATE.2016.7},
  annote =	{Keywords: declarative, datalog, prolog, domain-specific, change management}
}
  • Refine by Author
  • 3 Abreu, Salvador
  • 3 Nogatz, Falco
  • 3 Seipel, Dietmar
  • 1 Kübert, Julia
  • 1 Werner, Alexander
  • Show More...

  • Refine by Classification
  • 1 Human-centered computing → Natural language interfaces
  • 1 Theory of computation → Grammars and context-free languages

  • Refine by Keyword
  • 2 Prolog
  • 1 Attempto Controlled English
  • 1 Controlled Natural Language
  • 1 Definite Clause Grammar
  • 1 EBNF
  • Show More...

  • Refine by Type
  • 3 document

  • Refine by Publication Year
  • 2 2019
  • 1 2016

Questions / Remarks / Feedback
X

Feedback for Dagstuhl Publishing


Thanks for your feedback!

Feedback submitted

Could not send message

Please try again later or send an E-mail