2 Search Results for "Paten, Benedict J."


Document
Haplotype-aware graph indexes

Authors: Jouni Sirén, Erik Garrison, Adam M. Novak, Benedict J. Paten, and Richard Durbin

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 113, 18th International Workshop on Algorithms in Bioinformatics (WABI 2018)


Abstract
The variation graph toolkit (VG) represents genetic variation as a graph. Each path in the graph is a potential haplotype, though most paths are unlikely recombinations of true haplotypes. We augment the VG model with haplotype information to identify which paths are more likely to be correct. For this purpose, we develop a scalable implementation of the graph extension of the positional Burrows-Wheeler transform. We demonstrate the scalability of the new implementation by indexing the 1000 Genomes Project haplotypes. We also develop an algorithm for simplifying variation graphs for k-mer indexing without losing any k-mers in the haplotypes.

Cite as

Jouni Sirén, Erik Garrison, Adam M. Novak, Benedict J. Paten, and Richard Durbin. Haplotype-aware graph indexes. In 18th International Workshop on Algorithms in Bioinformatics (WABI 2018). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 113, pp. 4:1-4:13, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2018)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{siren_et_al:LIPIcs.WABI.2018.4,
  author =	{Sir\'{e}n, Jouni and Garrison, Erik and Novak, Adam M. and Paten, Benedict J. and Durbin, Richard},
  title =	{{Haplotype-aware graph indexes}},
  booktitle =	{18th International Workshop on Algorithms in Bioinformatics (WABI 2018)},
  pages =	{4:1--4:13},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-082-8},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2018},
  volume =	{113},
  editor =	{Parida, Laxmi and Ukkonen, Esko},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.WABI.2018.4},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-93060},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.WABI.2018.4},
  annote =	{Keywords: FM-indexes, variation graphs, haplotypes}
}
Document
An Average-Case Sublinear Exact Li and Stephens Forward Algorithm

Authors: Yohei M. Rosen and Benedict J. Paten

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 113, 18th International Workshop on Algorithms in Bioinformatics (WABI 2018)


Abstract
Hidden Markov models of haplotype inheritance such as the Li and Stephens model allow for computationally tractable probability calculations using the forward algorithms as long as the representative reference panel used in the model is sufficiently small. Specifically, the monoploid Li and Stephens model and its variants are linear in reference panel size unless heuristic approximations are used. However, sequencing projects numbering in the thousands to hundreds of thousands of individuals are underway, and others numbering in the millions are anticipated. To make the Li and Stephens forward algorithm for these datasets computationally tractable, we have created a numerically exact version of the algorithm with observed average case O(nk^{0.35}) runtime in number of genetic sites n and reference panel size k. This avoids any tradeoff between runtime and model complexity. We demonstrate that our approach also provides a succinct data structure for general purpose haplotype data storage. We discuss generalizations of our algorithmic techniques to other hidden Markov models.

Cite as

Yohei M. Rosen and Benedict J. Paten. An Average-Case Sublinear Exact Li and Stephens Forward Algorithm. In 18th International Workshop on Algorithms in Bioinformatics (WABI 2018). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 113, pp. 9:1-9:13, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2018)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{rosen_et_al:LIPIcs.WABI.2018.9,
  author =	{Rosen, Yohei M. and Paten, Benedict J.},
  title =	{{An Average-Case Sublinear Exact Li and Stephens Forward Algorithm}},
  booktitle =	{18th International Workshop on Algorithms in Bioinformatics (WABI 2018)},
  pages =	{9:1--9:13},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-082-8},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2018},
  volume =	{113},
  editor =	{Parida, Laxmi and Ukkonen, Esko},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.WABI.2018.9},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-93116},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.WABI.2018.9},
  annote =	{Keywords: Haplotype, Hidden Markov Model, Forward Algorithm, Lazy Evaluation}
}
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