2 Search Results for "Portmann, Christopher"


Document
A Device-Independent Protocol for XOR Oblivious Transfer

Authors: Srijita Kundu, Jamie Sikora, and Ernest Y.-Z. Tan

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 158, 15th Conference on the Theory of Quantum Computation, Communication and Cryptography (TQC 2020)


Abstract
Oblivious transfer is a cryptographic primitive where Alice has two bits and Bob wishes to learn some function of them. Ideally, Alice should not learn Bob’s desired function choice and Bob should not learn any more than logically implied by the function value. While decent quantum protocols for this task are known, many quickly become insecure if an adversary were to control the quantum devices used in the implementation of the protocol. Here we present how some existing protocols fail in this device-independent framework, and give a fully-device independent quantum protocol for XOR oblivious transfer which is provably more secure than any classical protocol.

Cite as

Srijita Kundu, Jamie Sikora, and Ernest Y.-Z. Tan. A Device-Independent Protocol for XOR Oblivious Transfer. In 15th Conference on the Theory of Quantum Computation, Communication and Cryptography (TQC 2020). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 158, pp. 12:1-12:15, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)


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@InProceedings{kundu_et_al:LIPIcs.TQC.2020.12,
  author =	{Kundu, Srijita and Sikora, Jamie and Tan, Ernest Y.-Z.},
  title =	{{A Device-Independent Protocol for XOR Oblivious Transfer}},
  booktitle =	{15th Conference on the Theory of Quantum Computation, Communication and Cryptography (TQC 2020)},
  pages =	{12:1--12:15},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-146-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{158},
  editor =	{Flammia, Steven T.},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.TQC.2020.12},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-127579},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.TQC.2020.12},
  annote =	{Keywords: Quantum cryptography, device independence, oblivious transfer, semidefinite programming, security analysis}
}
Document
Quantum-Proof Multi-Source Randomness Extractors in the Markov Model

Authors: Rotem Arnon-Friedman, Christopher Portmann, and Volkher B. Scholz

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 61, 11th Conference on the Theory of Quantum Computation, Communication and Cryptography (TQC 2016)


Abstract
Randomness extractors, widely used in classical and quantum cryptography and other fields of computer science, e.g., derandomization, are functions which generate almost uniform randomness from weak sources of randomness. In the quantum setting one must take into account the quantum side information held by an adversary which might be used to break the security of the extractor. In the case of seeded extractors the presence of quantum side information has been extensively studied. For multi-source extractors one can easily see that high conditional min-entropy is not sufficient to guarantee security against arbitrary side information, even in the classical case. Hence, the interesting question is under which models of (both quantum and classical) side information multi-source extractors remain secure. In this work we suggest a natural model of side information, which we call the Markov model, and prove that any multi-source extractor remains secure in the presence of quantum side information of this type (albeit with weaker parameters). This improves on previous results in which more restricted models were considered or the security of only some types of extractors was shown.

Cite as

Rotem Arnon-Friedman, Christopher Portmann, and Volkher B. Scholz. Quantum-Proof Multi-Source Randomness Extractors in the Markov Model. In 11th Conference on the Theory of Quantum Computation, Communication and Cryptography (TQC 2016). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 61, pp. 2:1-2:34, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2016)


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@InProceedings{arnonfriedman_et_al:LIPIcs.TQC.2016.2,
  author =	{Arnon-Friedman, Rotem and Portmann, Christopher and Scholz, Volkher B.},
  title =	{{Quantum-Proof Multi-Source Randomness Extractors in the Markov Model}},
  booktitle =	{11th Conference on the Theory of Quantum Computation, Communication and Cryptography (TQC 2016)},
  pages =	{2:1--2:34},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-019-4},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2016},
  volume =	{61},
  editor =	{Broadbent, Anne},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.TQC.2016.2},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-66830},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.TQC.2016.2},
  annote =	{Keywords: Quantum proof randomness extractors, multisource extractors, device independent quantum cryptography}
}
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