License
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.ECRTS.2018.1
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-90010
URL: http://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2018/9001/
Go to the corresponding LIPIcs Volume Portal


Farshchi, Farzad ; Valsan, Prathap Kumar ; Mancuso, Renato ; Yun, Heechul

Deterministic Memory Abstraction and Supporting Multicore System Architecture

pdf-format:
LIPIcs-ECRTS-2018-1.pdf (2 MB)


Abstract

Poor time predictability of multicore processors has been a long-standing challenge in the real-time systems community. In this paper, we make a case that a fundamental problem that prevents efficient and predictable real-time computing on multicore is the lack of a proper memory abstraction to express memory criticality, which cuts across various layers of the system: the application, OS, and hardware. We, therefore, propose a new holistic resource management approach driven by a new memory abstraction, which we call Deterministic Memory. The key characteristic of deterministic memory is that the platform-the OS and hardware-guarantees small and tightly bounded worst-case memory access timing. In contrast, we call the conventional memory abstraction as best-effort memory in which only highly pessimistic worst-case bounds can be achieved. We propose to utilize both abstractions to achieve high time predictability but without significantly sacrificing performance. We present deterministic memory-aware OS and architecture designs, including OS-level page allocator, hardware-level cache, and DRAM controller designs. We implement the proposed OS and architecture extensions on Linux and gem5 simulator. Our evaluation results, using a set of synthetic and real-world benchmarks, demonstrate the feasibility and effectiveness of our approach.

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{farshchi_et_al:LIPIcs:2018:9001,
  author =	{Farzad Farshchi and Prathap Kumar Valsan and Renato Mancuso and Heechul Yun},
  title =	{{Deterministic Memory Abstraction and Supporting Multicore System Architecture}},
  booktitle =	{30th Euromicro Conference on Real-Time Systems (ECRTS 2018)},
  pages =	{1:1--1:25},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-075-0},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2018},
  volume =	{106},
  editor =	{Sebastian Altmeyer},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{http://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2018/9001},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-90010},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ECRTS.2018.1},
  annote =	{Keywords: multicore processors, real-time, shared cache, DRAM controller, Linux}
}

Keywords: multicore processors, real-time, shared cache, DRAM controller, Linux
Seminar: 30th Euromicro Conference on Real-Time Systems (ECRTS 2018)
Issue Date: 2018
Date of publication: 20.06.2018


DROPS-Home | Fulltext Search | Imprint | Privacy Published by LZI