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Identity Testing for Constant-Width, and Commutative, Read-Once Oblivious ABPs

Authors Rohit Gurjar, Arpita Korwar, Nitin Saxena

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Rohit Gurjar
Arpita Korwar
Nitin Saxena

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Rohit Gurjar, Arpita Korwar, and Nitin Saxena. Identity Testing for Constant-Width, and Commutative, Read-Once Oblivious ABPs. In 31st Conference on Computational Complexity (CCC 2016). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 50, pp. 29:1-29:16, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2016)


We give improved hitting-sets for two special cases of Read-once Oblivious Arithmetic Branching Programs (ROABP). First is the case of an ROABP with known variable order. The best hitting-set known for this case had cost (nw)^{O(log(n))}, where n is the number of variables and w is the width of the ROABP. Even for a constant-width ROABP, nothing better than a quasi-polynomial bound was known. We improve the hitting-set complexity for the known-order case to n^{O(log(w))}. In particular, this gives the first polynomial time hitting-set for constant-width ROABP (known-order). However, our hitting-set works only over those fields whose characteristic is zero or large enough. To construct the hitting-set, we use the concept of the rank of partial derivative matrix. Unlike previous approaches whose starting point is a monomial map, we use a polynomial map directly. The second case we consider is that of commutative ROABP. The best known hitting-set for this case had cost d^{O(log(w))}(nw)^{O(log(log(w)))}, where d is the individual degree. We improve this hitting-set complexity to (ndw)^{O(log(log(w)))}. We get this by achieving rank concentration more efficiently.
  • PIT
  • hitting-set
  • constant-width ROABPs
  • commutative ROABPs


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