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Reducing Tarski to Unique Tarski (In the Black-Box Model)

Authors Xi Chen, Yuhao Li, Mihalis Yannakakis

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Author Details

Xi Chen
  • Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
Yuhao Li
  • Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
Mihalis Yannakakis
  • Columbia University, New York, NY, USA


We would like to thank anonymous CCC reviewers for their helpful comments to improve the presentation of the paper.

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Xi Chen, Yuhao Li, and Mihalis Yannakakis. Reducing Tarski to Unique Tarski (In the Black-Box Model). In 38th Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 264, pp. 21:1-21:23, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


We study the problem of finding a Tarski fixed point over the k-dimensional grid [n]^k. We give a black-box reduction from the Tarski problem to the same problem with an additional promise that the input function has a unique fixed point. It implies that the Tarski problem and the unique Tarski problem have exactly the same query complexity. Our reduction is based on a novel notion of partial-information functions which we use to fool algorithms for the unique Tarski problem as if they were working on a monotone function with a unique fixed point.

Subject Classification

ACM Subject Classification
  • Theory of computation → Problems, reductions and completeness
  • Theory of computation → Exact and approximate computation of equilibria
  • Tarski fixed point
  • Query complexity
  • TFNP


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