Exploring Energy Deprivation Across Small Areas in England and Wales (Short Paper)

Authors Meixu Chen , Alex Singleton , Caitlin Robinson

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Author Details

Meixu Chen
  • Department of Geography and Planning, University of Liverpool, UK
Alex Singleton
  • Department of Geography and Planning, University of Liverpool, UK
Caitlin Robinson
  • School of Geographical Sciences, University of Bristol, UK


I want to thank colleagues from Geographic Data Science Lab for their advice on the classification labelling.

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Meixu Chen, Alex Singleton, and Caitlin Robinson. Exploring Energy Deprivation Across Small Areas in England and Wales (Short Paper). In 12th International Conference on Geographic Information Science (GIScience 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 277, pp. 20:1-20:6, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


Building on a growing field of research on vulnerability to energy poverty, this study focused on addressing the rising energy crisis by examining the issue of energy deprivation in local areas of England and Wales. We developed a classification for energy deprivation using a clustering method to group multiple indicators across various domains. By doing this, we identify spatial disparities of energy deprivation for people living in different neighbourhoods, aiming to provide valuable insights for governments, charities and stakeholders and inform policy making and intervention.

Subject Classification

ACM Subject Classification
  • General and reference → Measurement
  • energy deprivation
  • spatial inequality
  • vulnerability
  • geodemographics


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