Document Open Access Logo

Using the Dynamic Microsimulation MINOS to Evidence the Effect of Energy Crisis Income Support Policy (Short Paper)

Authors Robert Clay , Luke Archer , Alison Heppenstall , Nik Lomax

Thumbnail PDF


  • Filesize: 0.82 MB
  • 6 pages

Document Identifiers

Author Details

Robert Clay
  • University of Leeds, UK
Luke Archer
  • University of Leeds, UK
Alison Heppenstall
  • School of Political and Social Sciences, MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, UK
Nik Lomax
  • School of Geography, University of Leeds, UK

Cite AsGet BibTex

Robert Clay, Luke Archer, Alison Heppenstall, and Nik Lomax. Using the Dynamic Microsimulation MINOS to Evidence the Effect of Energy Crisis Income Support Policy (Short Paper). In 12th International Conference on Geographic Information Science (GIScience 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 277, pp. 21:1-21:6, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


Rates of anxiety and depression are increasing due to financial stress caused by energy pricing with over half of UK homes unable to afford comfortable heating. UK Government policies to address this energy crisis have been implemented with limited evidence and substantial criticism. This paper applies the dynamic microsimulation MINOS, which utilises longitudinal Understanding Society data, to evidence change in mental well-being under the Energy Price Cap Guarantee and Energy Bill Support Scheme Policies. Results demonstrate an overall improvement in Short Form 12 Mental Component Score (SF12-MCS) both on aggregate and over data zone spatial areas for the Glasgow City region compared with a baseline of no policy intervention. This is work in progress and discussion highlights potential future work in other energy policy areas, such as Net Zero.

Subject Classification

ACM Subject Classification
  • Applied computing → Sociology
  • Dynamic Microsimulation
  • Mental Health
  • Energy Poverty


  • Access Statistics
  • Total Accesses (updated on a weekly basis)
    PDF Downloads


  1. Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, USA . Vivarium dynamic microsimulation framework. Accessed: 2023-05-22.
  2. Virginia Ballesteros-Arjona et al. What are the effects of energy poverty and interventions to ameliorate it on people’s health and well-being?: A scoping review with an equity lens. Energy Research & Social Science, 87:102456, 2022. Google Scholar
  3. Philip Broadbent, Rachel Thomson, Daniel Kopasker, Gerry McCartney, Petra Meier, Matteo Richiardi, Martin McKee, and Srinivasa Vittal Katikireddi. The public health implications of the cost-of-living crisis: outlining mechanisms and modelling consequences. The Lancet Regional Health-Europe, 27, 2023. Google Scholar
  4. Nick Buck and Stephanie McFall. Understanding society: design overview. Longitudinal and Life Course Studies, 3(1):5-17, 2011. Google Scholar
  5. Daniel Harari, Brigid Francis-Devine, Paul Bolton, and Matthew Keep. Rising cost of living in the uk. London: House of Commons Library https://commonslibrary. parliament. uk/research-briefings/cbp-9428, 2022. Google Scholar
  6. Andreas Höhn, Jonathan Stokes, Roxana Pollack, Jennifer Boyd, Cristina Chueca Del Cerro, Corinna Elsenbroich, Alison Heppenstall, Annika Hjelmskog, Elizabeth Inyang, Daniel Kopasker, et al. Systems science methods in public health: what can they contribute to our understanding of and response to the cost-of-living crisis? J Epidemiol Community Health, 2023. Google Scholar
  7. Nada Khan. The cost of living crisis: how can we tackle fuel poverty and food insecurity in practice? British Journal of General Practice, 72(720):330-331, 2022. Google Scholar
  8. Petra Meier, Robin Purshouse, Marion Bain, Clare Bambra, Richard Bentall, Mark Birkin, John Brazier, Alan Brennan, Mark Bryan, Julian Cox, et al. The sipher consortium: introducing the new uk hub for systems science in public health and health economic research. Wellcome open research, 4(174):174, 2019. Google Scholar
  9. Amy Norman and Scott Corfe. Energy bill support-designing policies to support british households in an age of high prices. Social Market Foundation, 2022. Google Scholar
  10. Martin Spielauer, Gerard Thomas Horvath, and Marian Fink. microwelt: A dynamic microsimulation model for the study of welfare transfer flows in ageing societies from a comparative welfare state perspective. Technical report, WIFO Working Papers, 2020. Google Scholar
  11. UK Government Department for Business, Energy, and Industrial Strategy (BEIS). Quarterly energy prices. Accessed: 2023-05-21.
  12. John E Ware Jr, Mark Kosinski, and Susan D Keller. A 12-item short-form health survey: construction of scales and preliminary tests of reliability and validity. Medical care, pages 220-233, 1996. Google Scholar
  13. Pia Wohland, Phil Rees, Paul Norman, Nikolas Lomax, and Stephen Clark. Newethpop-ethnic population projections for uk local areas 2011-2061. UK Data Service, 2022. Google Scholar
  14. Guoqiang Wu, Alison Heppenstall, Petra Meier, Robin Purshouse, and Nik Lomax. A synthetic population dataset for estimating small area health and socio-economic outcomes in great britain. Scientific Data, 9(1):19, 2022. Google Scholar
Questions / Remarks / Feedback

Feedback for Dagstuhl Publishing

Thanks for your feedback!

Feedback submitted

Could not send message

Please try again later or send an E-mail