Mobility Vitality: Assessing Neighborhood Similarity Through Transportation Patterns In New York City (Short Paper)

Authors Dan Qiang , Grant McKenzie



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Author Details

Dan Qiang
  • Platial Analysis Lab, Department of Geography, McGill University, Montréal, Canada
Grant McKenzie
  • Platial Analysis Lab, Department of Geography, McGill University, Montréal, Canada

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Dan Qiang and Grant McKenzie. Mobility Vitality: Assessing Neighborhood Similarity Through Transportation Patterns In New York City (Short Paper). In 12th International Conference on Geographic Information Science (GIScience 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 277, pp. 61:1-61:6, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)
https://doi.org/10.4230/LIPIcs.GIScience.2023.61

Abstract

Though numerous studies have examined human mobility within an urban environment, few have explored the concept of urban vitality purely through the lens of urban transportation. Given the importance of different modes of transportation within a city, such analysis is necessary. In this short paper, we introduce the novel concept of mobility vitality by integrating human mobility and urban vitality, offering a multilayered framework to assess the degree of transportation and mobility within and between regions. The mobility patterns of three transportation modes, namely subway, taxicab, and bike-share, are first examined independently. These patterns are then aggregated to form the composite measure of static mobility vitality. Through this measure, we evaluate similarities between neighborhoods. Our results observed significant spatial differences in the travel patterns of three transportation modes on weekdays and weekends. Moreover, neighborhoods with high static mobility vitality have relatively similar mobility patterns. Ultimately, this approach aims to find neighborhoods with imbalanced transportation infrastructure or inadequate public.

Subject Classification

ACM Subject Classification
  • Information systems → Geographic information systems
  • Applied computing → Transportation
Keywords
  • mobility vitality
  • mobility similarity
  • transportation
  • bike-sharing
  • taxi
  • subway
  • New York City

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References

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