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Near Optimal Adjacency Labeling Schemes for Power-Law Graphs

Authors Casper Petersen, Noy Rotbart, Jakob Grue Simonsen, Christian Wulff-Nilsen



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Casper Petersen
Noy Rotbart
Jakob Grue Simonsen
Christian Wulff-Nilsen

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Casper Petersen, Noy Rotbart, Jakob Grue Simonsen, and Christian Wulff-Nilsen. Near Optimal Adjacency Labeling Schemes for Power-Law Graphs. In 43rd International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2016). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 55, pp. 133:1-133:15, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2016)
https://doi.org/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2016.133

Abstract

An adjacency labeling scheme labels the n nodes of a graph with bit strings in a way that allows, given the labels of two nodes, to determine adjacency based only on those bit strings. Though many graph families have been meticulously studied for this problem, a non-trivial labeling scheme for the important family of power-law graphs has yet to be obtained. This family is particularly useful for social and web networks as their underlying graphs are typically modelled as power-law graphs. Using simple strategies and a careful selection of a parameter, we show upper bounds for such labeling schemes of ~O(sqrt^{alpha}(n)) for power law graphs with coefficient alpha;, as well as nearly matching lower bounds. We also show two relaxations that allow for a label of logarithmic size, and extend the upper-bound technique to produce an improved distance labeling scheme for power-law graphs.
Keywords
  • Labeling schemes
  • Power-law graphs

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