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Solutions Sets to Systems of Equations in Hyperbolic Groups Are EDT0L in PSPACE (Track B: Automata, Logic, Semantics, and Theory of Programming)

Authors Laura Ciobanu , Murray Elder



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Author Details

Laura Ciobanu
  • Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS, Scotland
Murray Elder
  • University of Technology Sydney, Ultimo NSW 2007, Australia

Acknowledgements

The authors wish to thank Yago Antolín, Alex Bishop, François Dahmani, Volker Diekert, Michal Ferov and Jim Howie for helpful conversations, and the anonymous reviewers for their feedback and corrections.

Cite AsGet BibTex

Laura Ciobanu and Murray Elder. Solutions Sets to Systems of Equations in Hyperbolic Groups Are EDT0L in PSPACE (Track B: Automata, Logic, Semantics, and Theory of Programming). In 46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 132, pp. 110:1-110:15, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)
https://doi.org/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.110

Abstract

We show that the full set of solutions to systems of equations and inequations in a hyperbolic group, with or without torsion, as shortlex geodesic words, is an EDT0L language whose specification can be computed in NSPACE(n^2 log n) for the torsion-free case and NSPACE(n^4 log n) for the torsion case. Our work combines deep geometric results by Rips, Sela, Dahmani and Guirardel on decidability of existential theories of hyperbolic groups, work of computer scientists including Plandowski, Jeż, Diekert and others on PSPACE algorithms to solve equations in free monoids and groups using compression, and an intricate language-theoretic analysis. The present work gives an essentially optimal formal language description for all solutions in all hyperbolic groups, and an explicit and surprising low space complexity to compute them.

Subject Classification

ACM Subject Classification
  • Theory of computation → Formal languages and automata theory
  • Theory of computation → Grammars and context-free languages
  • Theory of computation → Complexity classes
  • Mathematics of computing → Combinatorics on words
Keywords
  • Hyperbolic group
  • Existential theory
  • EDT0L language
  • PSPACE

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References

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