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# Problems on Group-Labeled Matroid Bases

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## Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to the organizers of the 14th Emléktábla Workshop, where the collaboration of the authors started. The authors thank Naonori Kakimura, Kevin Long, and Tomohiko Yokoyama for several discussions during the workshop, and Kristóf Bérczi, András Frank, and András Sebő for pointing out the connections to lattices and dual lattices.

## Cite As

Florian Hörsch, András Imolay, Ryuhei Mizutani, Taihei Oki, and Tamás Schwarcz. Problems on Group-Labeled Matroid Bases. In 51st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2024). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 297, pp. 86:1-86:20, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)
https://doi.org/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2024.86

## Abstract

Consider a matroid equipped with a labeling of its ground set to an abelian group. We define the label of a subset of the ground set as the sum of the labels of its elements. We study a collection of problems on finding bases and common bases of matroids with restrictions on their labels. For zero bases and zero common bases, the results are mostly negative. While finding a non-zero basis of a matroid is not difficult, it turns out that the complexity of finding a non-zero common basis depends on the group. Namely, we show that the problem is hard for a fixed group if it contains an element of order two, otherwise it is polynomially solvable. As a generalization of both zero and non-zero constraints, we further study F-avoiding constraints where we seek a basis or common basis whose label is not in a given set F of forbidden labels. Using algebraic techniques, we give a randomized algorithm for finding an F-avoiding common basis of two matroids represented over the same field for finite groups given as operation tables. The study of F-avoiding bases with groups given as oracles leads to a conjecture stating that whenever an F-avoiding basis exists, an F-avoiding basis can be obtained from an arbitrary basis by exchanging at most |F| elements. We prove the conjecture for the special cases when |F| ≤ 2 or the group is ordered. By relying on structural observations on matroids representable over fixed, finite fields, we verify a relaxed version of the conjecture for these matroids. As a consequence, we obtain a polynomial-time algorithm in these special cases for finding an F-avoiding basis when |F| is fixed.

## Subject Classification

##### ACM Subject Classification
• Mathematics of computing → Matroids and greedoids
##### Keywords
• matroids
• matroid intersection
• congruency constraint
• exact-weight constraint
• algebraic algorithm
• strongly base orderability

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