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Turing Kernelization for Finding Long Paths in Graphs Excluding a Topological Minor

Authors Bart M. P. Jansen, Marcin Pilipczuk, Marcin Wrochna



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Bart M. P. Jansen
Marcin Pilipczuk
Marcin Wrochna

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Bart M. P. Jansen, Marcin Pilipczuk, and Marcin Wrochna. Turing Kernelization for Finding Long Paths in Graphs Excluding a Topological Minor. In 12th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2017). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 89, pp. 23:1-23:13, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2018)
https://doi.org/10.4230/LIPIcs.IPEC.2017.23

Abstract

The notion of Turing kernelization investigates whether a polynomial-time algorithm can solve an NP-hard problem, when it is aided by an oracle that can be queried for the answers to bounded-size subproblems. One of the main open problems in this direction is whether k-PATH admits a polynomial Turing kernel: can a polynomial-time algorithm determine whether an undirected graph has a simple path of length k, using an oracle that answers queries of size k^{O(1)}? We show this can be done when the input graph avoids a fixed graph H as a topological minor, thereby significantly generalizing an earlier result for bounded-degree and K_{3,t}-minor-free graphs. Moreover, we show that k-PATH even admits a polynomial Turing kernel when the input graph is not H-topological-minor-free itself, but contains a known vertex modulator of size bounded polynomially in the parameter, whose deletion makes it so. To obtain our results, we build on the graph minors decomposition to show that any H-topological-minor-free graph that does not contain a k-path has a separation that can safely be reduced after communication with the oracle.
Keywords
  • Turing kernel
  • long path
  • k-path
  • excluded topological minor
  • modulator

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