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A Formal Semantics of Influence in Bayesian Reasoning

Authors Bart Jacobs, Fabio Zanasi



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Bart Jacobs
Fabio Zanasi

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Bart Jacobs and Fabio Zanasi. A Formal Semantics of Influence in Bayesian Reasoning. In 42nd International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2017). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 83, pp. 21:1-21:14, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2017)
https://doi.org/10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2017.21

Abstract

This paper proposes a formal definition of influence in Bayesian reasoning, based on the notions of state (as probability distribution), predicate, validity and conditioning. Our approach highlights how conditioning a joint entwined/entangled state with a predicate on one of its components has 'crossover' influence on the other components. We use the total variation metric on probability distributions to quantitatively measure such influence. These insights are applied to give a rigorous explanation of the fundamental concept of d-separation in Bayesian networks.
Keywords
  • probability distribution
  • Bayesian network
  • influence

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