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On Dynamic α + 1 Arboricity Decomposition and Out-Orientation

Authors Aleksander B. G. Christiansen, Jacob Holm, Eva Rotenberg , Carsten Thomassen



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Author Details

Aleksander B. G. Christiansen
  • Department of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science, Technical University of Denmark, Denmark
Jacob Holm
  • Department of Computer Science, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
Eva Rotenberg
  • Department of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science, Technical University of Denmark, Denmark
Carsten Thomassen
  • Department of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science, Technical University of Denmark, Denmark

Acknowledgements

We thank Irene Parada for helpful discussions.

Cite AsGet BibTex

Aleksander B. G. Christiansen, Jacob Holm, Eva Rotenberg, and Carsten Thomassen. On Dynamic α + 1 Arboricity Decomposition and Out-Orientation. In 47th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 241, pp. 34:1-34:15, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)
https://doi.org/10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2022.34

Abstract

A graph has arboricity α if its edges can be partitioned into α forests. The dynamic arboricity decomposition problem is to update a partitioning of the graph’s edges into forests, as a graph undergoes insertions and deletions of edges. We present an algorithm for maintaining partitioning into α+1 forests, provided the arboricity of the dynamic graph never exceeds α. Our algorithm has an update time of Õ(n^{3/4}) when α is at most polylogarithmic in n. Similarly, the dynamic bounded out-orientation problem is to orient the edges of the graph such that the out-degree of each vertex is at all times bounded. For this problem, we give an algorithm that orients the edges such that the out-degree is at all times bounded by α+1, with an update time of Õ(n^{5/7}), when α is at most polylogarithmic in n. Here, the choice of α+1 should be viewed in the light of the well-known lower bound by Brodal and Fagerberg which establishes that, for general graphs, maintaining only α out-edges would require linear update time. However, the lower bound by Brodal and Fagerberg is non-planar. In this paper, we give a lower bound showing that even for planar graphs, linear update time is needed in order to maintain an explicit three-out-orientation. For planar graphs, we show that the dynamic four forest decomposition and four-out-orientations, can be updated in Õ(n^{1/2}) time.

Subject Classification

ACM Subject Classification
  • Theory of computation → Dynamic graph algorithms
Keywords
  • Dynamic graphs
  • bounded arboricity
  • data structures

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