Set-Consensus Collections are Decidable

Authors Carole Delporte-Gallet, Hugues Fauconnier, Eli Gafni, Petr Kuznetsov

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Carole Delporte-Gallet
Hugues Fauconnier
Eli Gafni
Petr Kuznetsov

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Carole Delporte-Gallet, Hugues Fauconnier, Eli Gafni, and Petr Kuznetsov. Set-Consensus Collections are Decidable. In 20th International Conference on Principles of Distributed Systems (OPODIS 2016). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 70, pp. 7:1-7:15, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2017)


A natural way to measure the power of a distributed-computing model is to characterize the set of tasks that can be solved in it. In general, however, the question of whether a given task can be solved in a given model is undecidable, even if we only consider the wait-free shared-memory model. In this paper, we address this question for restricted classes of models and tasks. We show that the question of whether a collection C of (l, j)-set consensus objects, for various l (the number of processes that can invoke the object) and j (the number of distinct outputs the object returns), can be used by n processes to solve wait-free k-set consensus is decidable. Moreover, we provide a simple O(n^2) decision algorithm, based on a dynamic programming solution to the Knapsack optimization problem. We then present an adaptive wait-free set-consensus algorithm that, for each set of participating processes, achieves the best level of agreement that is possible to achieve using C. Overall, this gives us a complete characterization of a read-write model defined by a collection of set-consensus objects through its set-consensus power.
  • Decidability
  • distributed tasks
  • set consensus
  • Knapsack problem


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