Parameterized Pre-Coloring Extension and List Coloring Problems

Authors Gregory Gutin, Diptapriyo Majumdar, Sebastian Ordyniak, Magnus Wahlström

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Author Details

Gregory Gutin
  • Royal Holloway, University of London, UK
Diptapriyo Majumdar
  • Royal Holloway, University of London, UK
Sebastian Ordyniak
  • University of Sheffield, UK
Magnus Wahlström
  • Royal Holloway, University of London, UK

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Gregory Gutin, Diptapriyo Majumdar, Sebastian Ordyniak, and Magnus Wahlström. Parameterized Pre-Coloring Extension and List Coloring Problems. In 37th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2020). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 154, pp. 19:1-19:18, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)


Golovach, Paulusma and Song (Inf. Comput. 2014) asked to determine the parameterized complexity of the following problems parameterized by k: (1) Given a graph G, a clique modulator D (a clique modulator is a set of vertices, whose removal results in a clique) of size k for G, and a list L(v) of colors for every v ∈ V(G), decide whether G has a proper list coloring; (2) Given a graph G, a clique modulator D of size k for G, and a pre-coloring λ_P: X → Q for X ⊆ V(G), decide whether λ_P can be extended to a proper coloring of G using only colors from Q. For Problem 1 we design an O*(2^k)-time randomized algorithm and for Problem 2 we obtain a kernel with at most 3k vertices. Banik et al. (IWOCA 2019) proved the following problem is fixed-parameter tractable and asked whether it admits a polynomial kernel: Given a graph G, an integer k, and a list L(v) of exactly n-k colors for every v ∈ V(G), decide whether there is a proper list coloring for G. We obtain a kernel with O(k²) vertices and colors and a compression to a variation of the problem with O(k) vertices and O(k²) colors.

Subject Classification

ACM Subject Classification
  • Theory of computation → Parameterized complexity and exact algorithms
  • Parameterized Algorithms
  • W-hardness
  • Kernelization
  • Graph Coloring
  • List Coloring


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