Combinatorial Depth Measures for Hyperplane Arrangements

Authors Patrick Schnider , Pablo Soberón

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Author Details

Patrick Schnider
  • Department of Computer Science, ETH Zürich, Switzerland
Pablo Soberón
  • Department of Mathematics, Baruch College, City University of New York, NY, USA
  • Department of Mathematics, The Graudate Center, City University of New York, NY, USA

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Patrick Schnider and Pablo Soberón. Combinatorial Depth Measures for Hyperplane Arrangements. In 39th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 258, pp. 55:1-55:14, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


Regression depth, introduced by Rousseeuw and Hubert in 1999, is a notion that measures how good of a regression hyperplane a given query hyperplane is with respect to a set of data points. Under projective duality, this can be interpreted as a depth measure for query points with respect to an arrangement of data hyperplanes. The study of depth measures for query points with respect to a set of data points has a long history, and many such depth measures have natural counterparts in the setting of hyperplane arrangements. For example, regression depth is the counterpart of Tukey depth. Motivated by this, we study general families of depth measures for hyperplane arrangements and show that all of them must have a deep point. Along the way we prove a Tverberg-type theorem for hyperplane arrangements, giving a positive answer to a conjecture by Rousseeuw and Hubert from 1999. We also get three new proofs of the centerpoint theorem for regression depth, all of which are either stronger or more general than the original proof by Amenta, Bern, Eppstein, and Teng. Finally, we prove a version of the center transversal theorem for regression depth.

Subject Classification

ACM Subject Classification
  • Theory of computation → Computational geometry
  • Mathematics of computing → Combinatorics
  • Depth measures
  • Hyperplane arrangements
  • Regression depth
  • Tverberg theorem


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