A Multi-Modal Distributed Real-Time IoT System for Urban Traffic Control (Invited Paper)

Authors Zeba Khanam, Vejey Pradeep Suresh Achari, Issam Boukhennoufa , Anish Jindal , Amit Kumar Singh

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Author Details

Zeba Khanam
  • BT Security Research, Adastral Park, UK
Vejey Pradeep Suresh Achari
  • Keele University, Keele, UK
Issam Boukhennoufa
  • University of Essex, Colchester, UK
Anish Jindal
  • Durham University, Durham, UK
Amit Kumar Singh
  • University of Essex, Colchester, UK

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Zeba Khanam, Vejey Pradeep Suresh Achari, Issam Boukhennoufa, Anish Jindal, and Amit Kumar Singh. A Multi-Modal Distributed Real-Time IoT System for Urban Traffic Control (Invited Paper). In Fifth Workshop on Next Generation Real-Time Embedded Systems (NG-RES 2024). Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs), Volume 117, pp. 2:1-2:10, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


Traffic congestion is one of the growing urban problem with associated problems like fuel wastage, loss of lives, and slow productivity. The existing traffic system uses programming logic control (PLC) with round-robin scheduling algorithm. Recent works have proposed IoT-based frameworks that use traffic density of each lane to control traffic movement, but they suffer from low accuracy due to lack of emergency vehicle image datasets for training deep neural networks. In this paper, we propose a novel distributed IoT framework that is based on two observations. The first observation is major structural changes to road are rare. This observation is exploited by proposing a novel two stage vehicle detector that is able to achieve 77% vehicle detection accuracy on UA-DETRAC dataset. The second observation is emergency vehicle have distinct siren sound that is detected using a novel acoustic detection algorithm on an edge device. The proposed system is able to detect emergency vehicles with an average accuracy of 99.4%.

Subject Classification

ACM Subject Classification
  • Computer systems organization → Real-time system architecture
  • Vehicle Detection
  • Deep Neural Network
  • Traffic Control
  • Edge Computing
  • Emergency Vehicle Detection
  • Sliding Window


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