License
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/OASIcs.WCET.2019.4
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-107699
URL: https://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2019/10769/
Go to the corresponding OASIcs Volume Portal


Raffeck, Phillip ; Eichler, Christian ; Wägemann, Peter ; Schröder-Preikschat, Wolfgang

Worst-Case Energy-Consumption Analysis by Microarchitecture-Aware Timing Analysis for Device-Driven Cyber-Physical Systems

pdf-format:
OASIcs-WCET-2019-4.pdf (1.0 MB)


Abstract

Many energy-constrained cyber-physical systems require both timeliness and the execution of tasks within given energy budgets. That is, besides knowledge on worst-case execution time (WCET), the worst-case energy consumption (WCEC) of operations is essential. Unfortunately, WCET analysis approaches are not directly applicable for deriving WCEC bounds in device-driven cyber-physical systems: For example, a single memory operation can lead to a significant power-consumption increase when thereby switching on a device (e.g. transceiver, actuator) in the embedded system. However, as we demonstrate in this paper, existing approaches from microarchitecture-aware timing analysis (i.e. considering cache and pipeline effects) are beneficial for determining WCEC bounds: We extended our framework on whole-system analysis with microarchitecture-aware timing modeling to precisely account for the execution time that devices are kept (in)active. Our evaluations based on a benchmark generator, which is able to output benchmarks with known baselines (i.e. actual WCET and actual WCEC), and an ARM Cortex-M4 platform validate that the approach significantly reduces analysis pessimism in whole-system WCEC analyses.

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{raffeck_et_al:OASIcs:2019:10769,
  author =	{Phillip Raffeck and Christian Eichler and Peter W{\"a}gemann and Wolfgang Schr{\"o}der-Preikschat},
  title =	{{Worst-Case Energy-Consumption Analysis by Microarchitecture-Aware Timing Analysis for Device-Driven Cyber-Physical Systems}},
  booktitle =	{19th International Workshop on Worst-Case Execution Time Analysis (WCET 2019)},
  pages =	{4:1--4:12},
  series =	{OpenAccess Series in Informatics (OASIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-118-4},
  ISSN =	{2190-6807},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{72},
  editor =	{Sebastian Altmeyer},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{http://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2019/10769},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-107699},
  doi =		{10.4230/OASIcs.WCET.2019.4},
  annote =	{Keywords: WCEC, WCRE, WCET, michroarchitecture analysis, whole-system analysis}
}

Keywords: WCEC, WCRE, WCET, michroarchitecture analysis, whole-system analysis
Seminar: 19th International Workshop on Worst-Case Execution Time Analysis (WCET 2019)
Issue Date: 2019
Date of publication: 08.07.2019


DROPS-Home | Fulltext Search | Imprint | Privacy Published by LZI