License: Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license (CC-BY 3.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.COSIT.2019.23
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-111157
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Bauer, Christina ; Ludwig, Bernd

Schematic Maps and Indoor Wayfinding

LIPIcs-COSIT-2019-23.pdf (2 MB)


Schematic maps are often discussed as an adequate alternative of displaying wayfinding information compared to detailed map designs. However, these depictions have not yet been compared and analyzed in-depth. In this paper, we present a user study that evaluates the wayfinding behaviour of participants either using a detailed floor plan or a schematic map that only shows the route to follow and landmarks. The study was conducted in an indoor real-world scenario. The depictions were presented with the help of a mobile navigation system. We analyzed the time it took to understand the wayfinding instruction and the workload of the users. Moreover, we examined how the depictions were visually perceived with a mobile eye tracker. Results show that wayfinders who use the detailed map spend more visual attention on the instructions. Nevertheless, the depiction does not help to solve the task: they also needed more time to orient themselves. Regarding the workload and the wayfinding errors no differences were found.

BibTeX - Entry

  author =	{Christina Bauer and Bernd Ludwig},
  title =	{{Schematic Maps and Indoor Wayfinding}},
  booktitle =	{14th International Conference on Spatial Information Theory (COSIT 2019)},
  pages =	{23:1--23:14},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-115-3},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{142},
  editor =	{Sabine Timpf and Christoph Schlieder and Markus Kattenbeck and Bernd Ludwig and Kathleen Stewart},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-111157},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.COSIT.2019.23},
  annote =	{Keywords: Wayfinding, schematic maps, eye tracking, indoor environment}

Keywords: Wayfinding, schematic maps, eye tracking, indoor environment
Collection: 14th International Conference on Spatial Information Theory (COSIT 2019)
Issue Date: 2019
Date of publication: 03.09.2019

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