License: Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license (CC-BY 3.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2019.29
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-115253
URL: https://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2019/11525/
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Kahle, Matthew ; Tian, Minghao ; Wang, Yusu

Local Cliques in ER-Perturbed Random Geometric Graphs

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LIPIcs-ISAAC-2019-29.pdf (0.7 MB)


Abstract

We study a random graph model introduced in [Srinivasan Parthasarathy et al., 2017] where one adds Erdös - Rényi (ER) type perturbation to a random geometric graph. More precisely, assume G_X^* is a random geometric graph sampled from a nice measure on a metric space X = (X,d). An ER-perturbed random geometric graph G^(p,q) is generated by removing each existing edge from G_X^* with probability p, while inserting each non-existent edge to G_X^* with probability q. We consider a localized version of clique number for G^(p,q): Specifically, we study the edge clique number for each edge in a graph, defined as the size of the largest clique(s) in the graph containing that edge. We show that the edge clique number presents two fundamentally different types of behaviors in G^(p,q), depending on which "type" of randomness it is generated from. As an application of the above results, we show that by a simple filtering process based on the edge clique number, we can recover the shortest-path metric of the random geometric graph G_X^* within a multiplicative factor of 3 from an ER-perturbed observed graph G^(p,q), for a significantly wider range of insertion probability q than what is required in [Srinivasan Parthasarathy et al., 2017].

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{kahle_et_al:LIPIcs:2019:11525,
  author =	{Matthew Kahle and Minghao Tian and Yusu Wang},
  title =	{{Local Cliques in ER-Perturbed Random Geometric Graphs}},
  booktitle =	{30th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2019)},
  pages =	{29:1--29:22},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-130-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{149},
  editor =	{Pinyan Lu and Guochuan Zhang},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2019/11525},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-115253},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2019.29},
  annote =	{Keywords: random graphs, random geometric graphs, edge clique number, the probabilistic method, metric recovery}
}

Keywords: random graphs, random geometric graphs, edge clique number, the probabilistic method, metric recovery
Collection: 30th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2019)
Issue Date: 2019
Date of publication: 28.11.2019


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