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Documents authored by Chen, Liang-Ting


Document
Realising Intensional S4 and GL Modalities

Authors: Liang-Ting Chen and Hsiang-Shang Ko

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 216, 30th EACSL Annual Conference on Computer Science Logic (CSL 2022)


Abstract
There have been investigations into type-theoretic foundations for metaprogramming, notably Davies and Pfenning’s (2001) treatment in S4 modal logic, where code evaluating to values of type A is given the modal type Code A (□A in the original paper). Recently Kavvos (2017) extended PCF with Code A and intensional recursion, understood as the deductive form of the GL (Gödel-Löb) axiom in provability logic, but the resulting type system is logically inconsistent. Inspired by staged computation, we observe that a term of type Code A is, in general, code to be evaluated in a next stage, whereas S4 modal type theory is a special case where code can be evaluated in the current stage, and the two types of code should be discriminated. Consequently, we use two separate modalities ⊠ and □ to model S4 and GL respectively in a unified categorical framework while retaining logical consistency. Following Kavvos’ (2017) novel approach to the semantics of intensionality, we interpret the two modalities in the P-category of assemblies and trackable maps. For the GL modality □ in particular, we use guarded type theory to articulate what it means by a “next” stage and to model intensional recursion by guarded recursion together with Kleene’s second recursion theorem. Besides validating the S4 and GL axioms, our model better captures the essence of intensionality by refuting congruence (so that two extensionally equal terms may not be intensionally equal) and internal quoting (both A → □A and A → ⊠A). Our results are developed in (guarded) homotopy type theory and formalised in Agda.

Cite as

Liang-Ting Chen and Hsiang-Shang Ko. Realising Intensional S4 and GL Modalities. In 30th EACSL Annual Conference on Computer Science Logic (CSL 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 216, pp. 14:1-14:17, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)


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@InProceedings{chen_et_al:LIPIcs.CSL.2022.14,
  author =	{Chen, Liang-Ting and Ko, Hsiang-Shang},
  title =	{{Realising Intensional S4 and GL Modalities}},
  booktitle =	{30th EACSL Annual Conference on Computer Science Logic (CSL 2022)},
  pages =	{14:1--14:17},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-218-1},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{216},
  editor =	{Manea, Florin and Simpson, Alex},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.CSL.2022.14},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-157341},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.CSL.2022.14},
  annote =	{Keywords: provability, guarded recursion, realisability, modal types, metaprogramming}
}
Document
Eilenberg Theorems for Free

Authors: Henning Urbat, Jiri Adámek, Liang-Ting Chen, and Stefan Milius

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 83, 42nd International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2017)


Abstract
Eilenberg-type correspondences, relating varieties of languages (e.g., of finite words, infinite words, or trees) to pseudovarieties of finite algebras, form the backbone of algebraic language theory. We show that they all arise from the same recipe: one models languages and the algebras recognizing them by monads on an algebraic category, and applies a Stone-type duality. Our main contribution is a variety theorem that covers e.g. Wilke's and Pin's work on infinity-languages, the variety theorem for cost functions of Daviaud, Kuperberg, and Pin, and unifies the two categorical approaches of Bojanczyk and of Adamek et al. In addition we derive new results, such as an extension of the local variety theorem of Gehrke, Grigorieff, and Pin from finite to infinite words.

Cite as

Henning Urbat, Jiri Adámek, Liang-Ting Chen, and Stefan Milius. Eilenberg Theorems for Free. In 42nd International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2017). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 83, pp. 43:1-43:15, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2017)


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@InProceedings{urbat_et_al:LIPIcs.MFCS.2017.43,
  author =	{Urbat, Henning and Ad\'{a}mek, Jiri and Chen, Liang-Ting and Milius, Stefan},
  title =	{{Eilenberg Theorems for Free}},
  booktitle =	{42nd International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2017)},
  pages =	{43:1--43:15},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-046-0},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2017},
  volume =	{83},
  editor =	{Larsen, Kim G. and Bodlaender, Hans L. and Raskin, Jean-Francois},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2017.43},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-81032},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2017.43},
  annote =	{Keywords: Eilenberg's theorem, variety of languages, pseudovariety, monad, duality}
}
Document
A Fibrational Approach to Automata Theory

Authors: Liang-Ting Chen and Henning Urbat

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 35, 6th Conference on Algebra and Coalgebra in Computer Science (CALCO 2015)


Abstract
For predual categories C and D we establish isomorphisms between opfibrations representing local varieties of languages in C, local pseudovarieties of D-monoids, and finitely generated profinite D-monoids. The global sections of these opfibrations are shown to correspond to varieties of languages in C, pseudovarieties of D-monoids, and profinite equational theories of D-monoids, respectively. As an application, a new proof of Eilenberg's variety theorem along with several related results is obtained, covering uniformly varieties of languages and their coalgebraic modifications, Straubing's C-varieties, and fully invariant local varieties.

Cite as

Liang-Ting Chen and Henning Urbat. A Fibrational Approach to Automata Theory. In 6th Conference on Algebra and Coalgebra in Computer Science (CALCO 2015). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 35, pp. 50-65, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2015)


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@InProceedings{chen_et_al:LIPIcs.CALCO.2015.50,
  author =	{Chen, Liang-Ting and Urbat, Henning},
  title =	{{A Fibrational Approach to Automata Theory}},
  booktitle =	{6th Conference on Algebra and Coalgebra in Computer Science (CALCO 2015)},
  pages =	{50--65},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-939897-84-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2015},
  volume =	{35},
  editor =	{Moss, Lawrence S. and Sobocinski, Pawel},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.CALCO.2015.50},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-55268},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.CALCO.2015.50},
  annote =	{Keywords: Eilenberg’s variety theorem, duality, coalgebra, Grothendieck fibration}
}
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