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**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 244, 30th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2022)

For many problems, the important instances from practice possess certain structure that one should reflect in the design of specific algorithms. As data reduction is an important and inextricable part of today’s computation, we employ one of the most successful models of such precomputation - the kernelization. Within this framework, we focus on Traveling Salesperson Problem (TSP) and some of its generalizations.
We provide a kernel for TSP with size polynomial in either the feedback edge set number or the size of a modulator to constant-sized components. For its generalizations, we also consider other structural parameters such as the vertex cover number and the size of a modulator to constant-sized paths. We complement our results from the negative side by showing that the existence of a polynomial-sized kernel with respect to the fractioning number, the combined parameter maximum degree and treewidth, and, in the case of {Subset TSP}, modulator to disjoint cycles (i.e., the treewidth two graphs) is unlikely.

Václav Blažej, Pratibha Choudhary, Dušan Knop, Šimon Schierreich, Ondřej Suchý, and Tomáš Valla. On Polynomial Kernels for Traveling Salesperson Problem and Its Generalizations. In 30th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 244, pp. 22:1-22:16, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)

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@InProceedings{blazej_et_al:LIPIcs.ESA.2022.22, author = {Bla\v{z}ej, V\'{a}clav and Choudhary, Pratibha and Knop, Du\v{s}an and Schierreich, \v{S}imon and Such\'{y}, Ond\v{r}ej and Valla, Tom\'{a}\v{s}}, title = {{On Polynomial Kernels for Traveling Salesperson Problem and Its Generalizations}}, booktitle = {30th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2022)}, pages = {22:1--22:16}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-247-1}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2022}, volume = {244}, editor = {Chechik, Shiri and Navarro, Gonzalo and Rotenberg, Eva and Herman, Grzegorz}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2022.22}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-169600}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2022.22}, annote = {Keywords: Traveling Salesperson, Subset TSP, Waypoint Routing, Kernelization} }

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**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 241, 47th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2022)

In this paper we study the kernelization of the d-Path Vertex Cover (d-PVC) problem. Given a graph G, the problem requires finding whether there exists a set of at most k vertices whose removal from G results in a graph that does not contain a path (not necessarily induced) with d vertices. It is known that d-PVC is NP-complete for d ≥ 2. Since the problem generalizes to d-Hitting Set, it is known to admit a kernel with 𝒪(dk^d) edges. We improve on this by giving better kernels. Specifically, we give kernels with 𝒪(k²) vertices and edges for the cases when d = 4 and d = 5. Further, we give a kernel with 𝒪(k⁴d^{2d+9}) vertices and edges for general d.

Radovan Červený, Pratibha Choudhary, and Ondřej Suchý. On Kernels for d-Path Vertex Cover. In 47th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 241, pp. 29:1-29:14, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)

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@InProceedings{cerveny_et_al:LIPIcs.MFCS.2022.29, author = {\v{C}erven\'{y}, Radovan and Choudhary, Pratibha and Such\'{y}, Ond\v{r}ej}, title = {{On Kernels for d-Path Vertex Cover}}, booktitle = {47th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2022)}, pages = {29:1--29:14}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-256-3}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2022}, volume = {241}, editor = {Szeider, Stefan and Ganian, Robert and Silva, Alexandra}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2022.29}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-168279}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2022.29}, annote = {Keywords: Parameterized complexity, Kernelization, d-Hitting Set, d-Path Vertex Cover, Expansion Lemma} }

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**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 182, 40th IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2020)

A feedback vertex set in a hypergraph H is a set of vertices S such that deleting S from H results in an acyclic hypergraph. Here, deleting a vertex means removing the vertex and all incident hyperedges, and a hypergraph is acyclic if its vertex-edge incidence graph is acyclic. We study the (parameterized complexity of) the Hypergraph Feedback Vertex Set (HFVS) problem: given as input a hypergraph H and an integer k, determine whether H has a feedback vertex set of size at most k. It is easy to see that this problem generalizes the classic Feedback Vertex Set (FVS) problem on graphs. Remarkably, despite the central role of FVS in parameterized algorithms and complexity, the parameterized complexity of a generalization of FVS to hypergraphs has not been studied previously. In this paper, we fill this void. Our main results are as follows
- HFVS is W[2]-hard (as opposed to FVS, which is fixed parameter tractable).
- If the input hypergraph is restricted to a linear hypergraph (no two hyperedges intersect in more than one vertex), HFVS admits a randomized algorithm with running time 2^{𝒪(k³log k)}n^{𝒪(1)}.
- If the input hypergraph is restricted to a d-hypergraph (hyperedges have cardinality at most d), then HFVS admits a deterministic algorithm with running time d^{𝒪(k)}n^{𝒪(1)}. The algorithm for linear hypergraphs combines ideas from the randomized algorithm for FVS by Becker et al. [J. Artif. Intell. Res., 2000] with the branching algorithm for Point Line Cover by Langerman and Morin [Discrete & Computational Geometry, 2005].

Pratibha Choudhary, Lawqueen Kanesh, Daniel Lokshtanov, Fahad Panolan, and Saket Saurabh. Parameterized Complexity of Feedback Vertex Sets on Hypergraphs. In 40th IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2020). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 182, pp. 18:1-18:15, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)

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@InProceedings{choudhary_et_al:LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2020.18, author = {Choudhary, Pratibha and Kanesh, Lawqueen and Lokshtanov, Daniel and Panolan, Fahad and Saurabh, Saket}, title = {{Parameterized Complexity of Feedback Vertex Sets on Hypergraphs}}, booktitle = {40th IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2020)}, pages = {18:1--18:15}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-174-0}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2020}, volume = {182}, editor = {Saxena, Nitin and Simon, Sunil}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2020.18}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-132596}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2020.18}, annote = {Keywords: feedback vertex sets, hypergraphs, FPT, randomized algorithms} }

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