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Documents authored by Crouch, Michael


Document
Stochastic Streams: Sample Complexity vs. Space Complexity

Authors: Michael Crouch, Andrew McGregor, Gregory Valiant, and David P. Woodruff

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 57, 24th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2016)


Abstract
We address the trade-off between the computational resources needed to process a large data set and the number of samples available from the data set. Specifically, we consider the following abstraction: we receive a potentially infinite stream of IID samples from some unknown distribution D, and are tasked with computing some function f(D). If the stream is observed for time t, how much memory, s, is required to estimate f(D)? We refer to t as the sample complexity and s as the space complexity. The main focus of this paper is investigating the trade-offs between the space and sample complexity. We study these trade-offs for several canonical problems studied in the data stream model: estimating the collision probability, i.e., the second moment of a distribution, deciding if a graph is connected, and approximating the dimension of an unknown subspace. Our results are based on techniques for simulating different classical sampling procedures in this model, emulating random walks given a sequence of IID samples, as well as leveraging a characterization between communication bounded protocols and statistical query algorithms.

Cite as

Michael Crouch, Andrew McGregor, Gregory Valiant, and David P. Woodruff. Stochastic Streams: Sample Complexity vs. Space Complexity. In 24th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2016). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 57, pp. 32:1-32:15, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2016)


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@InProceedings{crouch_et_al:LIPIcs.ESA.2016.32,
  author =	{Crouch, Michael and McGregor, Andrew and Valiant, Gregory and Woodruff, David P.},
  title =	{{Stochastic Streams: Sample Complexity vs. Space Complexity}},
  booktitle =	{24th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2016)},
  pages =	{32:1--32:15},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-015-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2016},
  volume =	{57},
  editor =	{Sankowski, Piotr and Zaroliagis, Christos},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2016.32},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-63838},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2016.32},
  annote =	{Keywords: data streams, sample complexity, frequency moments, graph connectivity, subspace approximation}
}
Document
Improved Streaming Algorithms for Weighted Matching, via Unweighted Matching

Authors: Michael Crouch and Daniel M. Stubbs

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 28, Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2014)


Abstract
We present a (4 + epsilon) approximation algorithm for weighted graph matching which applies in the semistreaming, sliding window, and MapReduce models; this single algorithm improves the previous best algorithm in each model. The algorithm operates by reducing the maximum-weight matching problem to a polylog number of copies of the maximum-cardinality matching problem. The algorithm also extends to provide approximation guarantees for the more general problem of finding weighted independent sets in p-systems (which include intersections of p matroids and p-bounded hypergraph matching).

Cite as

Michael Crouch and Daniel M. Stubbs. Improved Streaming Algorithms for Weighted Matching, via Unweighted Matching. In Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2014). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 28, pp. 96-104, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2014)


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@InProceedings{crouch_et_al:LIPIcs.APPROX-RANDOM.2014.96,
  author =	{Crouch, Michael and Stubbs, Daniel M.},
  title =	{{Improved Streaming Algorithms for Weighted Matching, via Unweighted Matching}},
  booktitle =	{Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2014)},
  pages =	{96--104},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-939897-74-3},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2014},
  volume =	{28},
  editor =	{Jansen, Klaus and Rolim, Jos\'{e} and Devanur, Nikhil R. and Moore, Cristopher},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX-RANDOM.2014.96},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-46907},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX-RANDOM.2014.96},
  annote =	{Keywords: Streaming Algorithms, Graph Matching, Weighted Graph Matching, MapReduce, Independence Systems}
}
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