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Documents authored by Derrick, John


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Brief Announcement
Brief Announcement: On Strong Observational Refinement and Forward Simulation

Authors: John Derrick, Simon Doherty, Brijesh Dongol, Gerhard Schellhorn, and Heike Wehrheim

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 209, 35th International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2021)


Abstract
Hyperproperties are correctness conditions for labelled transition systems that are more expressive than traditional trace properties, with particular relevance to security. Recently, Attiya and Enea studied a notion of strong observational refinement that preserves all hyperproperties. They analyse the correspondence between forward simulation and strong observational refinement in a setting with finite traces only. We study this correspondence in a setting with both finite and infinite traces. In particular, we show that forward simulation does not preserve hyperliveness properties in this setting. We extend the forward simulation proof obligation with a progress condition, and prove that this progressive forward simulation does imply strong observational refinement.

Cite as

John Derrick, Simon Doherty, Brijesh Dongol, Gerhard Schellhorn, and Heike Wehrheim. Brief Announcement: On Strong Observational Refinement and Forward Simulation. In 35th International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 209, pp. 55:1-55:4, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


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@InProceedings{derrick_et_al:LIPIcs.DISC.2021.55,
  author =	{Derrick, John and Doherty, Simon and Dongol, Brijesh and Schellhorn, Gerhard and Wehrheim, Heike},
  title =	{{Brief Announcement: On Strong Observational Refinement and Forward Simulation}},
  booktitle =	{35th International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2021)},
  pages =	{55:1--55:4},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-210-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{209},
  editor =	{Gilbert, Seth},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.DISC.2021.55},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-148575},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.DISC.2021.55},
  annote =	{Keywords: Strong Observational Refinement, Hyperproperties, Forward Simulation}
}
Document
Brief Announcement
Brief Announcement: Generalising Concurrent Correctness to Weak Memory

Authors: Simon Doherty, Brijesh Dongol, Heike Wehrheim, and John Derrick

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 121, 32nd International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2018)


Abstract
Correctness conditions like linearizability and opacity describe some form of atomicity imposed on concurrent objects. In this paper, we propose a correctness condition (called causal atomicity) for concurrent objects executing in a weak memory model, where the histories of the objects in question are partially ordered. We establish compositionality and abstraction results for causal atomicity and develop an associated refinement-based proof technique.

Cite as

Simon Doherty, Brijesh Dongol, Heike Wehrheim, and John Derrick. Brief Announcement: Generalising Concurrent Correctness to Weak Memory. In 32nd International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2018). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 121, pp. 45:1-45:3, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2018)


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@InProceedings{doherty_et_al:LIPIcs.DISC.2018.45,
  author =	{Doherty, Simon and Dongol, Brijesh and Wehrheim, Heike and Derrick, John},
  title =	{{Brief Announcement: Generalising Concurrent Correctness to Weak Memory}},
  booktitle =	{32nd International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2018)},
  pages =	{45:1--45:3},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-092-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2018},
  volume =	{121},
  editor =	{Schmid, Ulrich and Widder, Josef},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.DISC.2018.45},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-98344},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.DISC.2018.45},
  annote =	{Keywords: Weak Memory, Concurrent Object, Execution Structure}
}
Document
Proving Opacity of a Pessimistic STM

Authors: Simon Doherty, Brijesh Dongol, John Derrick, Gerhard Schellhorn, and Heike Wehrheim

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 70, 20th International Conference on Principles of Distributed Systems (OPODIS 2016)


Abstract
Transactional Memory (TM) is a high-level programming abstraction for concurrency control that provides programmers with the illusion of atomically executing blocks of code, called transactions. TMs come in two categories, optimistic and pessimistic, where in the latter transactions never abort. While this simplifies the programming model, high-performing pessimistic TMs can be complex. In this paper, we present the first formal verification of a pessimistic software TM algorithm, namely, an algorithm proposed by Matveev and Shavit. The correctness criterion used is opacity, formalising the transactional atomicity guarantees. We prove that this pessimistic TM is a refinement of an intermediate opaque I/O-automaton, known as TMS2. To this end, we develop a rely-guarantee approach for reducing the complexity of the proof. Proofs are mechanised in the interactive prover Isabelle.

Cite as

Simon Doherty, Brijesh Dongol, John Derrick, Gerhard Schellhorn, and Heike Wehrheim. Proving Opacity of a Pessimistic STM. In 20th International Conference on Principles of Distributed Systems (OPODIS 2016). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 70, pp. 35:1-35:17, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2017)


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@InProceedings{doherty_et_al:LIPIcs.OPODIS.2016.35,
  author =	{Doherty, Simon and Dongol, Brijesh and Derrick, John and Schellhorn, Gerhard and Wehrheim, Heike},
  title =	{{Proving Opacity of a Pessimistic STM}},
  booktitle =	{20th International Conference on Principles of Distributed Systems (OPODIS 2016)},
  pages =	{35:1--35:17},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-031-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2017},
  volume =	{70},
  editor =	{Fatourou, Panagiota and Jim\'{e}nez, Ernesto and Pedone, Fernando},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.OPODIS.2016.35},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-71040},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.OPODIS.2016.35},
  annote =	{Keywords: Pessimistic STMs, Opacity, Verification, Isabelle, Simulation, TMS2}
}
Document
Defining Correctness Conditions for Concurrent Objects in Multicore Architectures

Authors: Brijesh Dongol, John Derrick, Lindsay Groves, and Graeme Smith

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 37, 29th European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2015)


Abstract
Correctness of concurrent objects is defined in terms of conditions that determine allowable relationships between histories of a concurrent object and those of the corresponding sequential object. Numerous correctness conditions have been proposed over the years, and more have been proposed recently as the algorithms implementing concurrent objects have been adapted to cope with multicore processors with relaxed memory architectures. We present a formal framework for defining correctness conditions for multicore architectures, covering both standard conditions for totally ordered memory and newer conditions for relaxed memory, which allows them to be expressed in uniform manner, simplifying comparison. Our framework distinguishes between order and commitment properties, which in turn enables a hierarchy of correctness conditions to be established. We consider the Total Store Order (TSO) memory model in detail, formalise known conditions for TSO using our framework, and develop sequentially consistent variations of these. We present a work-stealing deque for TSO memory that is not linearizable, but is correct with respect to these new conditions. Using our framework, we identify a new non-blocking compositional condition, fence consistency, which lies between known conditions for TSO, and aims to capture the intention of a programmer-specified fence.

Cite as

Brijesh Dongol, John Derrick, Lindsay Groves, and Graeme Smith. Defining Correctness Conditions for Concurrent Objects in Multicore Architectures. In 29th European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2015). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 37, pp. 470-494, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2015)


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@InProceedings{dongol_et_al:LIPIcs.ECOOP.2015.470,
  author =	{Dongol, Brijesh and Derrick, John and Groves, Lindsay and Smith, Graeme},
  title =	{{Defining Correctness Conditions for Concurrent Objects in Multicore Architectures}},
  booktitle =	{29th European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2015)},
  pages =	{470--494},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-939897-86-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2015},
  volume =	{37},
  editor =	{Boyland, John Tang},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ECOOP.2015.470},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-52348},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ECOOP.2015.470},
  annote =	{Keywords: Concurrent objects, correctness, relaxed memory, verification}
}
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