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Documents authored by Pfister, Maximilian


Document
Axis-Parallel Right Angle Crossing Graphs

Authors: Patrizio Angelini, Michael A. Bekos, Julia Katheder, Michael Kaufmann, Maximilian Pfister, and Torsten Ueckerdt

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 274, 31st Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2023)


Abstract
A RAC graph is one admitting a RAC drawing, that is, a polyline drawing in which each crossing occurs at a right angle. Originally motivated by psychological studies on readability of graph layouts, RAC graphs form one of the most prominent graph classes in beyond planarity. In this work, we study a subclass of RAC graphs, called axis-parallel RAC (or apRAC, for short), that restricts the crossings to pairs of axis-parallel edge-segments. apRAC drawings combine the readability of planar drawings with the clarity of (non-planar) orthogonal drawings. We consider these graphs both with and without bends. Our contribution is as follows: (i) We study inclusion relationships between apRAC and traditional RAC graphs. (ii) We establish bounds on the edge density of apRAC graphs. (iii) We show that every graph with maximum degree 8 is 2-bend apRAC and give a linear time drawing algorithm. Some of our results on apRAC graphs also improve the state of the art for general RAC graphs. We conclude our work with a list of open questions and a discussion of a natural generalization of the apRAC model.

Cite as

Patrizio Angelini, Michael A. Bekos, Julia Katheder, Michael Kaufmann, Maximilian Pfister, and Torsten Ueckerdt. Axis-Parallel Right Angle Crossing Graphs. In 31st Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 274, pp. 9:1-9:15, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{angelini_et_al:LIPIcs.ESA.2023.9,
  author =	{Angelini, Patrizio and Bekos, Michael A. and Katheder, Julia and Kaufmann, Michael and Pfister, Maximilian and Ueckerdt, Torsten},
  title =	{{Axis-Parallel Right Angle Crossing Graphs}},
  booktitle =	{31st Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2023)},
  pages =	{9:1--9:15},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-295-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{274},
  editor =	{G{\o}rtz, Inge Li and Farach-Colton, Martin and Puglisi, Simon J. and Herman, Grzegorz},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2023.9},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-186623},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2023.9},
  annote =	{Keywords: Graph drawing, RAC graphs, Graph drawing algorithms}
}
Document
RAC Drawings of Graphs with Low Degree

Authors: Patrizio Angelini, Michael A. Bekos, Julia Katheder, Michael Kaufmann, and Maximilian Pfister

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 241, 47th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2022)


Abstract
Motivated by cognitive experiments providing evidence that large crossing-angles do not impair the readability of a graph drawing, RAC (Right Angle Crossing) drawings were introduced to address the problem of producing readable representations of non-planar graphs by supporting the optimal case in which all crossings form 90° angles. In this work, we make progress on the problem of finding RAC drawings of graphs of low degree. In this context, a long-standing open question asks whether all degree-3 graphs admit straight-line RAC drawings. This question has been positively answered for the Hamiltonian degree-3 graphs. We improve on this result by extending to the class of 3-edge-colorable degree-3 graphs. When each edge is allowed to have one bend, we prove that degree-4 graphs admit such RAC drawings, a result which was previously known only for degree-3 graphs. Finally, we show that 7-edge-colorable degree-7 graphs admit RAC drawings with two bends per edge. This improves over the previous result on degree-6 graphs.

Cite as

Patrizio Angelini, Michael A. Bekos, Julia Katheder, Michael Kaufmann, and Maximilian Pfister. RAC Drawings of Graphs with Low Degree. In 47th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 241, pp. 11:1-11:15, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)


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@InProceedings{angelini_et_al:LIPIcs.MFCS.2022.11,
  author =	{Angelini, Patrizio and Bekos, Michael A. and Katheder, Julia and Kaufmann, Michael and Pfister, Maximilian},
  title =	{{RAC Drawings of Graphs with Low Degree}},
  booktitle =	{47th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2022)},
  pages =	{11:1--11:15},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-256-3},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{241},
  editor =	{Szeider, Stefan and Ganian, Robert and Silva, Alexandra},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2022.11},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-168090},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2022.11},
  annote =	{Keywords: Graph Drawing, RAC graphs, Straight-line and bent drawings}
}
Document
Beyond-Planarity: Turán-Type Results for Non-Planar Bipartite Graphs

Authors: Patrizio Angelini, Michael A. Bekos, Michael Kaufmann, Maximilian Pfister, and Torsten Ueckerdt

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 123, 29th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2018)


Abstract
Beyond-planarity focuses on the study of geometric and topological graphs that are in some sense nearly planar. Here, planarity is relaxed by allowing edge crossings, but only with respect to some local forbidden crossing configurations. Early research dates back to the 1960s (e.g., Avital and Hanani 1966) for extremal problems on geometric graphs, but is also related to graph drawing problems where visual clutter due to edge crossings should be minimized (e.g., Huang et al. 2018). Most of the literature focuses on Turán-type problems, which ask for the maximum number of edges a beyond-planar graph can have. Here, we study this problem for bipartite topological graphs, considering several types of beyond-planar graphs, i.e. 1-planar, 2-planar, fan-planar, and RAC graphs. We prove bounds on the number of edges that are tight up to additive constants; some of them are surprising and not along the lines of the known results for non-bipartite graphs. Our findings lead to an improvement of the leading constant of the well-known Crossing Lemma for bipartite graphs, as well as to a number of interesting questions on topological graphs.

Cite as

Patrizio Angelini, Michael A. Bekos, Michael Kaufmann, Maximilian Pfister, and Torsten Ueckerdt. Beyond-Planarity: Turán-Type Results for Non-Planar Bipartite Graphs. In 29th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2018). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 123, pp. 28:1-28:13, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2018)


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@InProceedings{angelini_et_al:LIPIcs.ISAAC.2018.28,
  author =	{Angelini, Patrizio and Bekos, Michael A. and Kaufmann, Michael and Pfister, Maximilian and Ueckerdt, Torsten},
  title =	{{Beyond-Planarity: Tur\'{a}n-Type Results for Non-Planar Bipartite Graphs}},
  booktitle =	{29th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2018)},
  pages =	{28:1--28:13},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-094-1},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2018},
  volume =	{123},
  editor =	{Hsu, Wen-Lian and Lee, Der-Tsai and Liao, Chung-Shou},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2018.28},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-99763},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2018.28},
  annote =	{Keywords: Bipartite topological graphs, beyond planarity, density, Crossing Lemma}
}
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