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Approximation Algorithm for Norm Multiway Cut

Authors: Charlie Carlson, Jafar Jafarov, Konstantin Makarychev, Yury Makarychev, and Liren Shan

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 274, 31st Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2023)


Abstract
We consider variants of the classic Multiway Cut problem. Multiway Cut asks to partition a graph G into k parts so as to separate k given terminals. Recently, Chandrasekaran and Wang (ESA 2021) introduced 𝓁_p-norm Multiway Cut, a generalization of the problem, in which the goal is to minimize the 𝓁_p norm of the edge boundaries of k parts. We provide an O(log^{1/2} nlog^{1/2+1/p} k) approximation algorithm for this problem, improving upon the approximation guarantee of O(log^{3/2} n log^{1/2} k) due to Chandrasekaran and Wang. We also introduce and study Norm Multiway Cut, a further generalization of Multiway Cut. We assume that we are given access to an oracle, which answers certain queries about the norm. We present an O(log^{1/2} n log^{7/2} k) approximation algorithm with a weaker oracle and an O(log^{1/2} n log^{5/2} k) approximation algorithm with a stronger oracle. Additionally, we show that without any oracle access, there is no n^{1/4-ε} approximation algorithm for every ε > 0 assuming the Hypergraph Dense-vs-Random Conjecture.

Cite as

Charlie Carlson, Jafar Jafarov, Konstantin Makarychev, Yury Makarychev, and Liren Shan. Approximation Algorithm for Norm Multiway Cut. In 31st Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 274, pp. 32:1-32:14, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{carlson_et_al:LIPIcs.ESA.2023.32,
  author =	{Carlson, Charlie and Jafarov, Jafar and Makarychev, Konstantin and Makarychev, Yury and Shan, Liren},
  title =	{{Approximation Algorithm for Norm Multiway Cut}},
  booktitle =	{31st Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2023)},
  pages =	{32:1--32:14},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-295-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{274},
  editor =	{G{\o}rtz, Inge Li and Farach-Colton, Martin and Puglisi, Simon J. and Herman, Grzegorz},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops-dev.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2023.32},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-186854},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2023.32},
  annote =	{Keywords: Multiway cut, Approximation algorithms}
}
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