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**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 173, 28th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2020)

We study the Max Partial H-Coloring problem: given a graph G, find the largest induced subgraph of G that admits a homomorphism into H, where H is a fixed pattern graph without loops. Note that when H is a complete graph on k vertices, the problem reduces to finding the largest induced k-colorable subgraph, which for k = 2 is equivalent (by complementation) to Odd Cycle Transversal.
We prove that for every fixed pattern graph H without loops, Max Partial H-Coloring can be solved:
- in {P₅,F}-free graphs in polynomial time, whenever F is a threshold graph;
- in {P₅,bull}-free graphs in polynomial time;
- in P₅-free graphs in time n^𝒪(ω(G));
- in {P₆,1-subdivided claw}-free graphs in time n^𝒪(ω(G)³). Here, n is the number of vertices of the input graph G and ω(G) is the maximum size of a clique in G. Furthermore, by combining the mentioned algorithms for P₅-free and for {P₆,1-subdivided claw}-free graphs with a simple branching procedure, we obtain subexponential-time algorithms for Max Partial H-Coloring in these classes of graphs.
Finally, we show that even a restricted variant of Max Partial H-Coloring is NP-hard in the considered subclasses of P₅-free graphs, if we allow loops on H.

Maria Chudnovsky, Jason King, Michał Pilipczuk, Paweł Rzążewski, and Sophie Spirkl. Finding Large H-Colorable Subgraphs in Hereditary Graph Classes. In 28th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2020). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 173, pp. 35:1-35:17, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)

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@InProceedings{chudnovsky_et_al:LIPIcs.ESA.2020.35, author = {Chudnovsky, Maria and King, Jason and Pilipczuk, Micha{\l} and Rz\k{a}\.{z}ewski, Pawe{\l} and Spirkl, Sophie}, title = {{Finding Large H-Colorable Subgraphs in Hereditary Graph Classes}}, booktitle = {28th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2020)}, pages = {35:1--35:17}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-162-7}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2020}, volume = {173}, editor = {Grandoni, Fabrizio and Herman, Grzegorz and Sanders, Peter}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2020.35}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-129019}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2020.35}, annote = {Keywords: homomorphisms, hereditary graph classes, odd cycle transversal} }

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**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 144, 27th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2019)

For a graph F, a graph G is F-free if it does not contain an induced subgraph isomorphic to F. For two graphs G and H, an H-coloring of G is a mapping f:V(G) -> V(H) such that for every edge uv in E(G) it holds that f(u)f(v)in E(H). We are interested in the complexity of the problem H-Coloring, which asks for the existence of an H-coloring of an input graph G. In particular, we consider H-Coloring of F-free graphs, where F is a fixed graph and H is an odd cycle of length at least 5. This problem is closely related to the well known open problem of determining the complexity of 3-Coloring of P_t-free graphs.
We show that for every odd k >= 5 the C_k-Coloring problem, even in the precoloring-extension variant, can be solved in polynomial time in P_9-free graphs. On the other hand, we prove that the extension version of C_k-Coloring is NP-complete for F-free graphs whenever some component of F is not a subgraph of a subdivided claw.

Maria Chudnovsky, Shenwei Huang, Paweł Rzążewski, Sophie Spirkl, and Mingxian Zhong. Complexity of C_k-Coloring in Hereditary Classes of Graphs. In 27th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 144, pp. 31:1-31:15, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)

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@InProceedings{chudnovsky_et_al:LIPIcs.ESA.2019.31, author = {Chudnovsky, Maria and Huang, Shenwei and Rz\k{a}\.{z}ewski, Pawe{\l} and Spirkl, Sophie and Zhong, Mingxian}, title = {{Complexity of C\underlinek-Coloring in Hereditary Classes of Graphs}}, booktitle = {27th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2019)}, pages = {31:1--31:15}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-124-5}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2019}, volume = {144}, editor = {Bender, Michael A. and Svensson, Ola and Herman, Grzegorz}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2019.31}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-111529}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2019.31}, annote = {Keywords: homomorphism, hereditary class, computational complexity, forbidden induced subgraph} }

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