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Weighted One-Deterministic-Counter Automata

Authors: Prince Mathew, Vincent Penelle, Prakash Saivasan, and A.V. Sreejith

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 284, 43rd IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2023)


Abstract
We introduce weighted one-deterministic-counter automata (odca). These are weighted one-counter automata (oca) with the property of counter-determinacy, meaning that all paths labelled by a given word starting from the initial configuration have the same counter-effect. Weighted odcas are a strict extension of weighted visibly ocas, which are weighted ocas where the input alphabet determines the actions on the counter. We present a novel problem called the co-VS (complement to a vector space) reachability problem for weighted odcas over fields, which seeks to determine if there exists a run from a given configuration of a weighted odca to another configuration whose weight vector lies outside a given vector space. We establish two significant properties of witnesses for co-VS reachability: they satisfy a pseudo-pumping lemma, and the lexicographically minimal witness has a special form. It follows that the co-VS reachability problem is in 𝖯. These reachability problems help us to show that the equivalence problem of weighted odcas over fields is in 𝖯 by adapting the equivalence proof of deterministic real-time ocas [Stanislav Böhm and Stefan Göller, 2011] by Böhm et al. This is a step towards resolving the open question of the equivalence problem of weighted ocas. Finally, we demonstrate that the regularity problem, the problem of checking whether an input weighted odca over a field is equivalent to some weighted automaton, is in 𝖯. We also consider boolean odcas and show that the equivalence problem for (non-deterministic) boolean odcas is in PSPACE, whereas it is undecidable for (non-deterministic) boolean ocas.

Cite as

Prince Mathew, Vincent Penelle, Prakash Saivasan, and A.V. Sreejith. Weighted One-Deterministic-Counter Automata. In 43rd IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 284, pp. 39:1-39:23, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{mathew_et_al:LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2023.39,
  author =	{Mathew, Prince and Penelle, Vincent and Saivasan, Prakash and Sreejith, A.V.},
  title =	{{Weighted One-Deterministic-Counter Automata}},
  booktitle =	{43rd IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2023)},
  pages =	{39:1--39:23},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-304-1},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{284},
  editor =	{Bouyer, Patricia and Srinivasan, Srikanth},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops-dev.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2023.39},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-194129},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2023.39},
  annote =	{Keywords: One-counter automata, Equivalence, Weighted automata, Reachability}
}
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