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Approximation Algorithms for the Longest Run Subsequence Problem

Authors: Yuichi Asahiro, Hiroshi Eto, Mingyang Gong, Jesper Jansson, Guohui Lin, Eiji Miyano, Hirotaka Ono, and Shunichi Tanaka

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 259, 34th Annual Symposium on Combinatorial Pattern Matching (CPM 2023)


Abstract
We study the approximability of the Longest Run Subsequence problem (LRS for short). For a string S = s_1 ⋯ s_n over an alphabet Σ, a run of a symbol σ ∈ Σ in S is a maximal substring of consecutive occurrences of σ. A run subsequence S' of S is a sequence in which every symbol σ ∈ Σ occurs in at most one run. Given a string S, the goal of LRS is to find a longest run subsequence S^* of S such that the length |S^*| is maximized over all the run subsequences of S. It is known that LRS is APX-hard even if each symbol has at most two occurrences in the input string, and that LRS admits a polynomial-time k-approximation algorithm if the number of occurrences of every symbol in the input string is bounded by k. In this paper, we design a polynomial-time (k+1)/2-approximation algorithm for LRS under the k-occurrence constraint on input strings. For the case k = 2, we further improve the approximation ratio from 3/2 to 4/3.

Cite as

Yuichi Asahiro, Hiroshi Eto, Mingyang Gong, Jesper Jansson, Guohui Lin, Eiji Miyano, Hirotaka Ono, and Shunichi Tanaka. Approximation Algorithms for the Longest Run Subsequence Problem. In 34th Annual Symposium on Combinatorial Pattern Matching (CPM 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 259, pp. 2:1-2:12, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{asahiro_et_al:LIPIcs.CPM.2023.2,
  author =	{Asahiro, Yuichi and Eto, Hiroshi and Gong, Mingyang and Jansson, Jesper and Lin, Guohui and Miyano, Eiji and Ono, Hirotaka and Tanaka, Shunichi},
  title =	{{Approximation Algorithms for the Longest Run Subsequence Problem}},
  booktitle =	{34th Annual Symposium on Combinatorial Pattern Matching (CPM 2023)},
  pages =	{2:1--2:12},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-276-1},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{259},
  editor =	{Bulteau, Laurent and Lipt\'{a}k, Zsuzsanna},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.CPM.2023.2},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-179560},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.CPM.2023.2},
  annote =	{Keywords: Longest run subsequence problem, bounded occurrence, approximation algorithm}
}
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