2 Search Results for "Gebhard, Oliver"


Document
On the Hierarchy of Distributed Majority Protocols

Authors: Petra Berenbrink, Amin Coja-Oghlan, Oliver Gebhard, Max Hahn-Klimroth, Dominik Kaaser, and Malin Rau

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 253, 26th International Conference on Principles of Distributed Systems (OPODIS 2022)


Abstract
We study the consensus problem among n agents, defined as follows. Initially, each agent holds one of two possible opinions. The goal is to reach a consensus configuration in which every agent shares the same opinion. To this end, agents randomly sample other agents and update their opinion according to a simple update function depending on the sampled opinions. We consider two communication models: the gossip model and a variant of the population model. In the gossip model, agents are activated in parallel, synchronous rounds. In the population model, one agent is activated after the other in a sequence of discrete time steps. For both models we analyze the following natural family of majority processes called j-Majority: when activated, every agent samples j other agents uniformly at random (with replacement) and adopts the majority opinion among the sample (breaking ties uniformly at random). As our main result we show a hierarchy among majority protocols: (j+1)-Majority (for j > 1) converges stochastically faster than j-Majority for any initial opinion configuration. In our analysis we use Strassen’s Theorem to prove the existence of a coupling. This gives an affirmative answer for the case of two opinions to an open question asked by Berenbrink et al. [PODC 2017].

Cite as

Petra Berenbrink, Amin Coja-Oghlan, Oliver Gebhard, Max Hahn-Klimroth, Dominik Kaaser, and Malin Rau. On the Hierarchy of Distributed Majority Protocols. In 26th International Conference on Principles of Distributed Systems (OPODIS 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 253, pp. 23:1-23:19, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{berenbrink_et_al:LIPIcs.OPODIS.2022.23,
  author =	{Berenbrink, Petra and Coja-Oghlan, Amin and Gebhard, Oliver and Hahn-Klimroth, Max and Kaaser, Dominik and Rau, Malin},
  title =	{{On the Hierarchy of Distributed Majority Protocols}},
  booktitle =	{26th International Conference on Principles of Distributed Systems (OPODIS 2022)},
  pages =	{23:1--23:19},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-265-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{253},
  editor =	{Hillel, Eshcar and Palmieri, Roberto and Rivi\`{e}re, Etienne},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.OPODIS.2022.23},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-176434},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.OPODIS.2022.23},
  annote =	{Keywords: Consensus, Majority, Hierarchy, Stochastic Dominance, Population Protocols, Gossip Model, Strassen’s Theorem}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Information-Theoretic and Algorithmic Thresholds for Group Testing

Authors: Amin Coja-Oghlan, Oliver Gebhard, Max Hahn-Klimroth, and Philipp Loick

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 132, 46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019)


Abstract
In the group testing problem we aim to identify a small number of infected individuals within a large population. We avail ourselves to a procedure that can test a group of multiple individuals, with the test result coming out positive iff at least one individual in the group is infected. With all tests conducted in parallel, what is the least number of tests required to identify the status of all individuals? In a recent test design [Aldridge et al. 2016] the individuals are assigned to test groups randomly, with every individual joining an equal number of groups. We pinpoint the sharp threshold for the number of tests required in this randomised design so that it is information-theoretically possible to infer the infection status of every individual. Moreover, we analyse two efficient inference algorithms. These results settle conjectures from [Aldridge et al. 2014, Johnson et al. 2019].

Cite as

Amin Coja-Oghlan, Oliver Gebhard, Max Hahn-Klimroth, and Philipp Loick. Information-Theoretic and Algorithmic Thresholds for Group Testing. In 46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 132, pp. 43:1-43:14, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


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@InProceedings{cojaoghlan_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.43,
  author =	{Coja-Oghlan, Amin and Gebhard, Oliver and Hahn-Klimroth, Max and Loick, Philipp},
  title =	{{Information-Theoretic and Algorithmic Thresholds for Group Testing}},
  booktitle =	{46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019)},
  pages =	{43:1--43:14},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-109-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{132},
  editor =	{Baier, Christel and Chatzigiannakis, Ioannis and Flocchini, Paola and Leonardi, Stefano},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.43},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-106196},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.43},
  annote =	{Keywords: Group testing problem, phase transitions, information theory, efficient algorithms, sharp threshold, Bayesian inference}
}
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