3 Search Results for "Huguet, Marie-José"


Document
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Semantic Web: Past, Present, and Future

Authors: Ansgar Scherp, Gerd Groener, Petr Škoda, Katja Hose, and Maria-Esther Vidal

Published in: TGDK, Volume 2, Issue 1 (2024): Special Issue on Trends in Graph Data and Knowledge - Part 2. Transactions on Graph Data and Knowledge, Volume 2, Issue 1


Abstract
Ever since the vision was formulated, the Semantic Web has inspired many generations of innovations. Semantic technologies have been used to share vast amounts of information on the Web, enhance them with semantics to give them meaning, and enable inference and reasoning on them. Throughout the years, semantic technologies, and in particular knowledge graphs, have been used in search engines, data integration, enterprise settings, and machine learning. In this paper, we recap the classical concepts and foundations of the Semantic Web as well as modern and recent concepts and applications, building upon these foundations. The classical topics we cover include knowledge representation, creating and validating knowledge on the Web, reasoning and linking, and distributed querying. We enhance this classical view of the so-called "Semantic Web Layer Cake" with an update of recent concepts that include provenance, security and trust, as well as a discussion of practical impacts from industry-led contributions. We conclude with an outlook on the future directions of the Semantic Web. This is a living document. If you like to contribute, please contact the first author and visit: https://github.com/ascherp/semantic-web-primer

Cite as

Ansgar Scherp, Gerd Groener, Petr Škoda, Katja Hose, and Maria-Esther Vidal. Semantic Web: Past, Present, and Future. In Special Issue on Trends in Graph Data and Knowledge - Part 2. Transactions on Graph Data and Knowledge (TGDK), Volume 2, Issue 1, pp. 3:1-3:37, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2024)


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@Article{scherp_et_al:TGDK.2.1.3,
  author =	{Scherp, Ansgar and Groener, Gerd and \v{S}koda, Petr and Hose, Katja and Vidal, Maria-Esther},
  title =	{{Semantic Web: Past, Present, and Future}},
  journal =	{Transactions on Graph Data and Knowledge},
  pages =	{3:1--3:37},
  ISSN =	{2942-7517},
  year =	{2024},
  volume =	{2},
  number =	{1},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/TGDK.2.1.3},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-198607},
  doi =		{10.4230/TGDK.2.1.3},
  annote =	{Keywords: Linked Open Data, Semantic Web Graphs, Knowledge Graphs}
}
Document
Combining Monte Carlo Tree Search and Depth First Search Methods for a Car Manufacturing Workshop Scheduling Problem

Authors: Valentin Antuori, Emmanuel Hebrard, Marie-José Huguet, Siham Essodaigui, and Alain Nguyen

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 210, 27th International Conference on Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming (CP 2021)


Abstract
Many state-of-the-art methods for combinatorial games rely on Monte Carlo Tree Search (MCTS) method, coupled with machine learning techniques, and these techniques have also recently been applied to combinatorial optimization. In this paper, we propose an efficient approach to a Travelling Salesman Problem with time windows and capacity constraints from the automotive industry. This approach combines the principles of MCTS to balance exploration and exploitation of the search space and a backtracking method to explore promising branches, and to collect relevant information on visited subtrees. This is done simply by replacing the Monte-Carlo rollouts by budget-limited runs of a DFS method. Moreover, the evaluation of the promise of a node in the Monte-Carlo search tree is key, and is a major difference with the case of games. For that purpose, we propose to evaluate a node using the marginal increase of a lower bound of the objective function, weighted with an exponential decay on the depth, in previous simulations. Finally, since the number of Monte-Carlo rollouts and hence the confidence on the evaluation is higher towards the root of the search tree, we propose to adjust the balance exploration/exploitation to the length of the branch. Our experiments show that this method clearly outperforms the best known approaches for this problem.

Cite as

Valentin Antuori, Emmanuel Hebrard, Marie-José Huguet, Siham Essodaigui, and Alain Nguyen. Combining Monte Carlo Tree Search and Depth First Search Methods for a Car Manufacturing Workshop Scheduling Problem. In 27th International Conference on Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming (CP 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 210, pp. 14:1-14:16, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


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@InProceedings{antuori_et_al:LIPIcs.CP.2021.14,
  author =	{Antuori, Valentin and Hebrard, Emmanuel and Huguet, Marie-Jos\'{e} and Essodaigui, Siham and Nguyen, Alain},
  title =	{{Combining Monte Carlo Tree Search and Depth First Search Methods for a Car Manufacturing Workshop Scheduling Problem}},
  booktitle =	{27th International Conference on Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming (CP 2021)},
  pages =	{14:1--14:16},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-211-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{210},
  editor =	{Michel, Laurent D.},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.CP.2021.14},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-153052},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.CP.2021.14},
  annote =	{Keywords: Monte-Carlo Tree Search, Travelling Salesman Problem, Scheduling}
}
Document
Carpooling: the 2 Synchronization Points Shortest Paths Problem

Authors: Arthur Bit-Monnot, Christian Artigues, Marie-José Huguet, and Marc-Olivier Killijian

Published in: OASIcs, Volume 33, 13th Workshop on Algorithmic Approaches for Transportation Modelling, Optimization, and Systems (2013)


Abstract
Carpooling is an appropriate solution to address traffic congestion and to reduce the ecological footprint of the car use. In this paper, we address an essential problem for providing dynamic carpooling: how to compute the shortest driver's and passenger's paths. Indeed, those two paths are synchronized in the sense that they have a common subpath between two points: the location where the passenger is picked up and the one where he is dropped off the car. The passenger path may include time-dependent public transportation parts before or after the common subpath. This defines the 2 Synchronization Points Shortest Path Problem (2SPSPP). We show that the 2SPSPP has a polynomial worst-case complexity. However, despite this polynomial complexity, one needs efficient algorithms to solve it in realistic transportation networks. We focus on efficient computation of optimal itineraries for solving the 2SPSPP, i.e. determining the (optimal) pick-up and drop-off points and the two synchronized paths that minimize the total traveling time. We also define restriction areas for reasonable pick-up and drop-off points and use them to guide the algorithms using heuristics based on landmarks. Experiments are conducted on real transportation networks. The results show the efficiency of the proposed algorithms and the interest of restriction areas for pick-up or drop-off points in terms of CPU time, in addition to its application interest.

Cite as

Arthur Bit-Monnot, Christian Artigues, Marie-José Huguet, and Marc-Olivier Killijian. Carpooling: the 2 Synchronization Points Shortest Paths Problem. In 13th Workshop on Algorithmic Approaches for Transportation Modelling, Optimization, and Systems. Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs), Volume 33, pp. 150-163, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2013)


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@InProceedings{bitmonnot_et_al:OASIcs.ATMOS.2013.150,
  author =	{Bit-Monnot, Arthur and Artigues, Christian and Huguet, Marie-Jos\'{e} and Killijian, Marc-Olivier},
  title =	{{Carpooling: the 2 Synchronization Points Shortest Paths Problem}},
  booktitle =	{13th Workshop on Algorithmic Approaches for Transportation Modelling, Optimization, and Systems},
  pages =	{150--163},
  series =	{Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-939897-58-3},
  ISSN =	{2190-6807},
  year =	{2013},
  volume =	{33},
  editor =	{Frigioni, Daniele and Stiller, Sebastian},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/OASIcs.ATMOS.2013.150},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-42517},
  doi =		{10.4230/OASIcs.ATMOS.2013.150},
  annote =	{Keywords: Dynamic Carpooling, Shortest Path Problem, Synchronized Paths}
}
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