8 Search Results for "Ketsman, Bas"


Document
Robustness Against Read Committed for Transaction Templates with Functional Constraints

Authors: Brecht Vandevoort, Bas Ketsman, Christoph Koch, and Frank Neven

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 220, 25th International Conference on Database Theory (ICDT 2022)


Abstract
The popular isolation level Multiversion Read Committed (RC) trades some of the strong guarantees of serializability for increased transaction throughput. Sometimes, transaction workloads can be safely executed under RC obtaining serializability at the lower cost of RC. Such workloads are said to be robust against RC. Previous work has yielded a tractable procedure for deciding robustness against RC for workloads generated by transaction programs modeled as transaction templates. An important insight of that work is that, by more accurately modeling transaction programs, we are able to recognize larger sets of workloads as robust. In this work, we increase the modeling power of transaction templates by extending them with functional constraints, which are useful for capturing data dependencies like foreign keys. We show that the incorporation of functional constraints can identify more workloads as robust that otherwise would not be. Even though we establish that the robustness problem becomes undecidable in its most general form, we show that various restrictions on functional constraints lead to decidable and even tractable fragments that can be used to model and test for robustness against RC for realistic scenarios.

Cite as

Brecht Vandevoort, Bas Ketsman, Christoph Koch, and Frank Neven. Robustness Against Read Committed for Transaction Templates with Functional Constraints. In 25th International Conference on Database Theory (ICDT 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 220, pp. 16:1-16:17, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)


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@InProceedings{vandevoort_et_al:LIPIcs.ICDT.2022.16,
  author =	{Vandevoort, Brecht and Ketsman, Bas and Koch, Christoph and Neven, Frank},
  title =	{{Robustness Against Read Committed for Transaction Templates with Functional Constraints}},
  booktitle =	{25th International Conference on Database Theory (ICDT 2022)},
  pages =	{16:1--16:17},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-223-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{220},
  editor =	{Olteanu, Dan and Vortmeier, Nils},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICDT.2022.16},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-158905},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICDT.2022.16},
  annote =	{Keywords: concurrency control, robustness, complexity}
}
Document
Distribution Constraints: The Chase for Distributed Data

Authors: Gaetano Geck, Frank Neven, and Thomas Schwentick

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 155, 23rd International Conference on Database Theory (ICDT 2020)


Abstract
This paper introduces a declarative framework to specify and reason about distributions of data over computing nodes in a distributed setting. More specifically, it proposes distribution constraints which are tuple and equality generating dependencies (tgds and egds) extended with node variables ranging over computing nodes. In particular, they can express co-partitioning constraints and constraints about range-based data distributions by using comparison atoms. The main technical contribution is the study of the implication problem of distribution constraints. While implication is undecidable in general, relevant fragments of so-called data-full constraints are exhibited for which the corresponding implication problems are complete for EXPTIME, PSPACE and NP. These results yield bounds on deciding parallel-correctness for conjunctive queries in the presence of distribution constraints.

Cite as

Gaetano Geck, Frank Neven, and Thomas Schwentick. Distribution Constraints: The Chase for Distributed Data. In 23rd International Conference on Database Theory (ICDT 2020). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 155, pp. 13:1-13:19, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)


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@InProceedings{geck_et_al:LIPIcs.ICDT.2020.13,
  author =	{Geck, Gaetano and Neven, Frank and Schwentick, Thomas},
  title =	{{Distribution Constraints: The Chase for Distributed Data}},
  booktitle =	{23rd International Conference on Database Theory (ICDT 2020)},
  pages =	{13:1--13:19},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-139-9},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{155},
  editor =	{Lutz, Carsten and Jung, Jean Christoph},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICDT.2020.13},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-119378},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICDT.2020.13},
  annote =	{Keywords: tuple-generating dependencies, chase, conjunctive queries, distributed evaluation}
}
Document
Datalog with Negation and Monotonicity

Authors: Bas Ketsman and Christoph Koch

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 155, 23rd International Conference on Database Theory (ICDT 2020)


Abstract
Positive Datalog has several nice properties that are lost when the language is extended with negation. One example is that fixpoints of positive Datalog programs are robust w.r.t. the order in which facts are inserted, which facilitates efficient evaluation of such programs in distributed environments. A natural question to ask, given a (stratified) Datalog program with negation, is whether an equivalent positive Datalog program exists. In this context, it is known that positive Datalog can express only a strict subset of the monotone queries, yet the exact relationship between the positive and monotone fragments of semi-positive and stratified Datalog was previously left open. In this paper, we complete the picture by showing that monotone queries expressible in semi-positive Datalog exist which are not expressible in positive Datalog. To provide additional insight into this gap, we also characterize a large class of semi-positive Datalog programs for which the dichotomy `monotone if and only if rewritable to positive Datalog' holds. Finally, we give best-effort techniques to reduce the amount of negation that is exhibited by a program, even if the program is not monotone.

Cite as

Bas Ketsman and Christoph Koch. Datalog with Negation and Monotonicity. In 23rd International Conference on Database Theory (ICDT 2020). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 155, pp. 19:1-19:18, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)


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@InProceedings{ketsman_et_al:LIPIcs.ICDT.2020.19,
  author =	{Ketsman, Bas and Koch, Christoph},
  title =	{{Datalog with Negation and Monotonicity}},
  booktitle =	{23rd International Conference on Database Theory (ICDT 2020)},
  pages =	{19:1--19:18},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-139-9},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{155},
  editor =	{Lutz, Carsten and Jung, Jean Christoph},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICDT.2020.19},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-119432},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICDT.2020.19},
  annote =	{Keywords: Datalog, Monotonicity}
}
Document
Distribution Policies for Datalog

Authors: Bas Ketsman, Aws Albarghouthi, and Paraschos Koutris

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 98, 21st International Conference on Database Theory (ICDT 2018)


Abstract
Modern data management systems extensively use parallelism to speed up query processing over massive volumes of data. This trend has inspired a rich line of research on how to formally reason about the parallel complexity of join computation. In this paper, we go beyond joins and study the parallel evaluation of recursive queries. We introduce a novel framework to reason about multi-round evaluation of Datalog programs, which combines implicit predicate restriction with distribution policies to allow expressing a combination of data-parallel and query-parallel evaluation strategies. Using our framework, we reason about key properties of distributed Datalog evaluation, including parallel-correctness of the evaluation strategy, disjointness of the computation effort, and bounds on the number of communication rounds.

Cite as

Bas Ketsman, Aws Albarghouthi, and Paraschos Koutris. Distribution Policies for Datalog. In 21st International Conference on Database Theory (ICDT 2018). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 98, pp. 17:1-17:22, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2018)


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@InProceedings{ketsman_et_al:LIPIcs.ICDT.2018.17,
  author =	{Ketsman, Bas and Albarghouthi, Aws and Koutris, Paraschos},
  title =	{{Distribution Policies for Datalog}},
  booktitle =	{21st International Conference on Database Theory (ICDT 2018)},
  pages =	{17:1--17:22},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-063-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2018},
  volume =	{98},
  editor =	{Kimelfeld, Benny and Amsterdamer, Yael},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICDT.2018.17},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-86034},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICDT.2018.17},
  annote =	{Keywords: Datalog queries, Distributed evaluation, Distribution policies}
}
Document
Parallel-Correctness and Transferability for Conjunctive Queries under Bag Semantics

Authors: Bas Ketsman, Frank Neven, and Brecht Vandevoort

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 98, 21st International Conference on Database Theory (ICDT 2018)


Abstract
Single-round multiway join algorithms first reshuffle data over many servers and then evaluate the query at hand in a parallel and communication-free way. A key question is whether a given distribution policy for the reshuffle is adequate for computing a given query. This property is referred to as parallel-correctness. Another key problem is to detect whether the data reshuffle step can be avoided when evaluating subsequent queries. The latter problem is referred to as transfer of parallel-correctness. This paper extends the study of parallel-correctness and transfer of parallel-correctness of conjunctive queries to incorporate bag semantics. We provide semantical characterizations for both problems, obtain complexity bounds and discuss the relationship with their set semantics counterparts. Finally, we revisit both problems under a modified distribution model that takes advantage of a linear order on compute nodes and obtain tight complexity bounds.

Cite as

Bas Ketsman, Frank Neven, and Brecht Vandevoort. Parallel-Correctness and Transferability for Conjunctive Queries under Bag Semantics. In 21st International Conference on Database Theory (ICDT 2018). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 98, pp. 18:1-18:16, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2018)


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@InProceedings{ketsman_et_al:LIPIcs.ICDT.2018.18,
  author =	{Ketsman, Bas and Neven, Frank and Vandevoort, Brecht},
  title =	{{Parallel-Correctness and Transferability for Conjunctive Queries under Bag Semantics}},
  booktitle =	{21st International Conference on Database Theory (ICDT 2018)},
  pages =	{18:1--18:16},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-063-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2018},
  volume =	{98},
  editor =	{Kimelfeld, Benny and Amsterdamer, Yael},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICDT.2018.18},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-86040},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICDT.2018.18},
  annote =	{Keywords: Conjunctive queries, distributed evaluation, bag semantics}
}
Document
Parallel-Correctness and Containment for Conjunctive Queries with Union and Negation

Authors: Gaetano Geck, Bas Ketsman, Frank Neven, and Thomas Schwentick

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 48, 19th International Conference on Database Theory (ICDT 2016)


Abstract
Single-round multiway join algorithms first reshuffle data over many servers and then evaluate the query at hand in a parallel and communication-free way. A key question is whether a given distribution policy for the reshuffle is adequate for computing a given query, also referred to as parallel-correctness. This paper extends the study of the complexity of parallel-correctness and its constituents, parallel-soundness and parallel-completeness, to unions of conjunctive queries with and without negation. As a by-product it is shown that the containment problem for conjunctive queries with negation is coNEXPTIME-complete.

Cite as

Gaetano Geck, Bas Ketsman, Frank Neven, and Thomas Schwentick. Parallel-Correctness and Containment for Conjunctive Queries with Union and Negation. In 19th International Conference on Database Theory (ICDT 2016). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 48, pp. 9:1-9:17, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2016)


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@InProceedings{geck_et_al:LIPIcs.ICDT.2016.9,
  author =	{Geck, Gaetano and Ketsman, Bas and Neven, Frank and Schwentick, Thomas},
  title =	{{Parallel-Correctness and Containment for Conjunctive Queries with Union and Negation}},
  booktitle =	{19th International Conference on Database Theory (ICDT 2016)},
  pages =	{9:1--9:17},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-002-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2016},
  volume =	{48},
  editor =	{Martens, Wim and Zeume, Thomas},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICDT.2016.9},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-57787},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICDT.2016.9},
  annote =	{Keywords: Conjunctive queries, distributed evaluation}
}
Document
Optimal Broadcasting Strategies for Conjunctive Queries over Distributed Data

Authors: Bas Ketsman and Frank Neven

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 31, 18th International Conference on Database Theory (ICDT 2015)


Abstract
In a distributed context where data is dispersed over many computing nodes, monotone queries can be evaluated in an eventually consistent and coordination-free manner through a simple but naive broadcasting strategy which makes all data available on every computing node. In this paper, we investigate more economical broadcasting strategies for full conjunctive queries without self-joins that only transmit a part of the local data necessary to evaluate the query at hand. We consider oblivious broadcasting strategies which determine which local facts to broadcast independent of the data at other computing nodes. We introduce the notion of broadcast dependency set (BDS) as a sound and complete formalism to represent locally optimal oblivious broadcasting functions. We provide algorithms to construct a BDS for a given conjunctive query and study the complexity of various decision problems related to these algorithms.

Cite as

Bas Ketsman and Frank Neven. Optimal Broadcasting Strategies for Conjunctive Queries over Distributed Data. In 18th International Conference on Database Theory (ICDT 2015). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 31, pp. 291-307, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2015)


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@InProceedings{ketsman_et_al:LIPIcs.ICDT.2015.291,
  author =	{Ketsman, Bas and Neven, Frank},
  title =	{{Optimal Broadcasting Strategies for Conjunctive Queries over Distributed Data}},
  booktitle =	{18th International Conference on Database Theory (ICDT 2015)},
  pages =	{291--307},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-939897-79-8},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2015},
  volume =	{31},
  editor =	{Arenas, Marcelo and Ugarte, Mart{\'\i}n},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICDT.2015.291},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-49913},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICDT.2015.291},
  annote =	{Keywords: Coordination-free evaluation, conjunctive queries, broadcasting}
}
Document
Datalog Queries Distributing over Components

Authors: Tom J. Ameloot, Bas Ketsman, Frank Neven, and Daniel Zinn

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 31, 18th International Conference on Database Theory (ICDT 2015)


Abstract
We investigate the class D of queries that distribute over components. These are the queries that can be evaluated by taking the union of the query results over the connected components of the database instance. We show that it is undecidable whether a (positive) Datalog program distributes over components. Additionally, we show that connected Datalog with Negation (the fragment of Datalog with Negation where all rules are connected) provides an effective syntax for Datalog with Negation programs that distribute over components under the stratified as well as under the well-founded semantics. As a corollary, we obtain a simple proof for one of the main results in previous work [Zinn, Green, and Ludäscher, ICDT2012], namely, that the classic win-move query is in F_2 (a particular class of coordination-free queries).

Cite as

Tom J. Ameloot, Bas Ketsman, Frank Neven, and Daniel Zinn. Datalog Queries Distributing over Components. In 18th International Conference on Database Theory (ICDT 2015). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 31, pp. 308-323, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2015)


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@InProceedings{ameloot_et_al:LIPIcs.ICDT.2015.308,
  author =	{Ameloot, Tom J. and Ketsman, Bas and Neven, Frank and Zinn, Daniel},
  title =	{{Datalog Queries Distributing over Components}},
  booktitle =	{18th International Conference on Database Theory (ICDT 2015)},
  pages =	{308--323},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-939897-79-8},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2015},
  volume =	{31},
  editor =	{Arenas, Marcelo and Ugarte, Mart{\'\i}n},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICDT.2015.308},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-49920},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICDT.2015.308},
  annote =	{Keywords: Datalog, stratified semantics, well-founded semantics, coordination-free evaluation, distributed databases}
}
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