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Coloring Tournaments with Few Colors: Algorithms and Complexity

Authors: Felix Klingelhoefer and Alantha Newman

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 274, 31st Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2023)

A k-coloring of a tournament is a partition of its vertices into k acyclic sets. Deciding if a tournament is 2-colorable is NP-hard. A natural problem, akin to that of coloring a 3-colorable graph with few colors, is to color a 2-colorable tournament with few colors. This problem does not seem to have been addressed before, although it is a special case of coloring a 2-colorable 3-uniform hypergraph with few colors, which is a well-studied problem with super-constant lower bounds. We present an efficient decomposition lemma for tournaments and show that it can be used to design polynomial-time algorithms to color various classes of tournaments with few colors, including an algorithm to color a 2-colorable tournament with ten colors. For the classes of tournaments considered, we complement our upper bounds with strengthened lower bounds, painting a comprehensive picture of the algorithmic and complexity aspects of coloring tournaments.

Cite as

Felix Klingelhoefer and Alantha Newman. Coloring Tournaments with Few Colors: Algorithms and Complexity. In 31st Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 274, pp. 71:1-71:14, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)

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  author =	{Klingelhoefer, Felix and Newman, Alantha},
  title =	{{Coloring Tournaments with Few Colors: Algorithms and Complexity}},
  booktitle =	{31st Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2023)},
  pages =	{71:1--71:14},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-295-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{274},
  editor =	{G{\o}rtz, Inge Li and Farach-Colton, Martin and Puglisi, Simon J. and Herman, Grzegorz},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2023.71},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-187247},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2023.71},
  annote =	{Keywords: Tournaments, Graph Coloring, Algorithms, Complexity}
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