2 Search Results for "Yin, Longhui"


Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Non-Mergeable Sketching for Cardinality Estimation

Authors: Seth Pettie, Dingyu Wang, and Longhui Yin

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 198, 48th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2021)


Abstract
Cardinality estimation is perhaps the simplest non-trivial statistical problem that can be solved via sketching. Industrially-deployed sketches like HyperLogLog, MinHash, and PCSA are mergeable, which means that large data sets can be sketched in a distributed environment, and then merged into a single sketch of the whole data set. In the last decade a variety of sketches have been developed that are non-mergeable, but attractive for other reasons. They are simpler, their cardinality estimates are strictly unbiased, and they have substantially lower variance. We evaluate sketching schemes on a reasonably level playing field, in terms of their memory-variance product (MVP). E.g., a sketch that occupies 5m bits and whose relative variance is 2/m (standard error √{2/m}) has an MVP of 10. Our contributions are as follows. - Cohen [Edith Cohen, 2015] and Ting [Daniel Ting, 2014] independently discovered what we call the {Martingale transform} for converting a mergeable sketch into a non-mergeable sketch. We present a simpler way to analyze the limiting MVP of Martingale-type sketches. - Pettie and Wang proved that the Fishmonger sketch [Seth Pettie and Dingyu Wang, 2021] has the best MVP, H₀/I₀ ≈ 1.98, among a class of mergeable sketches called "linearizable" sketches. (H₀ and I₀ are precisely defined constants.) We prove that the Martingale transform is optimal in the non-mergeable world, and that Martingale Fishmonger in particular is optimal among linearizable sketches, with an MVP of H₀/2 ≈ 1.63. E.g., this is circumstantial evidence that to achieve 1% standard error, we cannot do better than a 2 kilobyte sketch. - Martingale Fishmonger is neither simple nor practical. We develop a new mergeable sketch called Curtain that strikes a nice balance between simplicity and efficiency, and prove that Martingale Curtain has limiting MVP≈ 2.31. It can be updated with O(1) memory accesses and it has lower empirical variance than Martingale LogLog, a practical non-mergeable version of HyperLogLog.

Cite as

Seth Pettie, Dingyu Wang, and Longhui Yin. Non-Mergeable Sketching for Cardinality Estimation. In 48th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 198, pp. 104:1-104:20, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


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@InProceedings{pettie_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2021.104,
  author =	{Pettie, Seth and Wang, Dingyu and Yin, Longhui},
  title =	{{Non-Mergeable Sketching for Cardinality Estimation}},
  booktitle =	{48th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2021)},
  pages =	{104:1--104:20},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-195-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{198},
  editor =	{Bansal, Nikhil and Merelli, Emanuela and Worrell, James},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2021.104},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-141731},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2021.104},
  annote =	{Keywords: Cardinality Estimation, Sketching}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
The Structure of Minimum Vertex Cuts

Authors: Seth Pettie and Longhui Yin

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 198, 48th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2021)


Abstract
In this paper we continue a long line of work on representing the cut structure of graphs. We classify the types of minimum vertex cuts, and the possible relationships between multiple minimum vertex cuts. As a consequence of these investigations, we exhibit a simple O(κ n)-space data structure that can quickly answer pairwise (κ+1)-connectivity queries in a κ-connected graph. We also show how to compute the "closest" κ-cut to every vertex in near linear Õ(m+poly(κ)n) time.

Cite as

Seth Pettie and Longhui Yin. The Structure of Minimum Vertex Cuts. In 48th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 198, pp. 105:1-105:20, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{pettie_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2021.105,
  author =	{Pettie, Seth and Yin, Longhui},
  title =	{{The Structure of Minimum Vertex Cuts}},
  booktitle =	{48th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2021)},
  pages =	{105:1--105:20},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-195-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{198},
  editor =	{Bansal, Nikhil and Merelli, Emanuela and Worrell, James},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2021.105},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-141746},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2021.105},
  annote =	{Keywords: Graph theory, vertex connectivity, data structures}
}
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