4 Search Results for "Zeif, Ziena"


Document
On the Giant Component of Geometric Inhomogeneous Random Graphs

Authors: Thomas Bläsius, Tobias Friedrich, Maximilian Katzmann, Janosch Ruff, and Ziena Zeif

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 274, 31st Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2023)


Abstract
In this paper we study the threshold model of geometric inhomogeneous random graphs (GIRGs); a generative random graph model that is closely related to hyperbolic random graphs (HRGs). These models have been observed to capture complex real-world networks well with respect to the structural and algorithmic properties. Following comprehensive studies regarding their connectivity, i.e., which parts of the graphs are connected, we have a good understanding under which circumstances a giant component (containing a constant fraction of the graph) emerges. While previous results are rather technical and challenging to work with, the goal of this paper is to provide more accessible proofs. At the same time we significantly improve the previously known probabilistic guarantees, showing that GIRGs contain a giant component with probability 1 - exp(-Ω(n^{(3-τ)/2})) for graph size n and a degree distribution with power-law exponent τ ∈ (2, 3). Based on that we additionally derive insights about the connectivity of certain induced subgraphs of GIRGs.

Cite as

Thomas Bläsius, Tobias Friedrich, Maximilian Katzmann, Janosch Ruff, and Ziena Zeif. On the Giant Component of Geometric Inhomogeneous Random Graphs. In 31st Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 274, pp. 20:1-20:13, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{blasius_et_al:LIPIcs.ESA.2023.20,
  author =	{Bl\"{a}sius, Thomas and Friedrich, Tobias and Katzmann, Maximilian and Ruff, Janosch and Zeif, Ziena},
  title =	{{On the Giant Component of Geometric Inhomogeneous Random Graphs}},
  booktitle =	{31st Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2023)},
  pages =	{20:1--20:13},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-295-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{274},
  editor =	{G{\o}rtz, Inge Li and Farach-Colton, Martin and Puglisi, Simon J. and Herman, Grzegorz},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2023.20},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-186737},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2023.20},
  annote =	{Keywords: geometric inhomogeneous random graphs, connectivity, giant component}
}
Document
APPROX
A Primal-Dual Algorithm for Multicommodity Flows and Multicuts in Treewidth-2 Graphs

Authors: Tobias Friedrich, Davis Issac, Nikhil Kumar, Nadym Mallek, and Ziena Zeif

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 245, Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2022)


Abstract
We study the problem of multicommodity flow and multicut in treewidth-2 graphs and prove bounds on the multiflow-multicut gap. In particular, we give a primal-dual algorithm for computing multicommodity flow and multicut in treewidth-2 graphs and prove the following approximate max-flow min-cut theorem: given a treewidth-2 graph, there exists a multicommodity flow of value f with congestion 4, and a multicut of capacity c such that c ≤ 20 f. This implies a multiflow-multicut gap of 80 and improves upon the previous best known bounds for such graphs. Our algorithm runs in polynomial time when all the edges have capacity one. Our algorithm is completely combinatorial and builds upon the primal-dual algorithm of Garg, Vazirani and Yannakakis for multicut in trees and the augmenting paths framework of Ford and Fulkerson.

Cite as

Tobias Friedrich, Davis Issac, Nikhil Kumar, Nadym Mallek, and Ziena Zeif. A Primal-Dual Algorithm for Multicommodity Flows and Multicuts in Treewidth-2 Graphs. In Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 245, pp. 55:1-55:18, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)


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@InProceedings{friedrich_et_al:LIPIcs.APPROX/RANDOM.2022.55,
  author =	{Friedrich, Tobias and Issac, Davis and Kumar, Nikhil and Mallek, Nadym and Zeif, Ziena},
  title =	{{A Primal-Dual Algorithm for Multicommodity Flows and Multicuts in Treewidth-2 Graphs}},
  booktitle =	{Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2022)},
  pages =	{55:1--55:18},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-249-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{245},
  editor =	{Chakrabarti, Amit and Swamy, Chaitanya},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX/RANDOM.2022.55},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-171774},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX/RANDOM.2022.55},
  annote =	{Keywords: Approximation Algorithms, Multicommodity Flow, Multicut}
}
Document
APPROX
Connected k-Partition of k-Connected Graphs and c-Claw-Free Graphs

Authors: Ralf Borndörfer, Katrin Casel, Davis Issac, Aikaterini Niklanovits, Stephan Schwartz, and Ziena Zeif

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 207, Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2021)


Abstract
A connected partition is a partition of the vertices of a graph into sets that induce connected subgraphs. Such partitions naturally occur in many application areas such as road networks, and image processing. In these settings, it is often desirable to partition into a fixed number of parts of roughly of the same size or weight. The resulting computational problem is called Balanced Connected Partition (BCP). The two classical objectives for BCP are to maximize the weight of the smallest, or minimize the weight of the largest component. We study BCP on c-claw-free graphs, the class of graphs that do not have K_{1,c} as an induced subgraph, and present efficient (c-1)-approximation algorithms for both objectives. In particular, for 3-claw-free graphs, also simply known as claw-free graphs, we obtain a 2-approximation. Due to the claw-freeness of line graphs, this also implies a 2-approximation for the edge-partition version of BCP in general graphs. A harder connected partition problem arises from demanding a connected partition into k parts that have (possibly) heterogeneous target weights w₁,…,w_k. In the 1970s Győri and Lovász showed that if G is k-connected and the target weights sum to the total size of G, such a partition exists. However, to this day no polynomial algorithm to compute such partitions exists for k > 4. Towards finding such a partition T₁,…, T_k in k-connected graphs for general k, we show how to efficiently compute connected partitions that at least approximately meet the target weights, subject to the mild assumption that each w_i is greater than the weight of the heaviest vertex. In particular, we give a 3-approximation for both the lower and the upper bounded version i.e. we guarantee that each T_i has weight at least (w_i)/3 or that each T_i has weight most 3w_i, respectively. Also, we present a both-side bounded version that produces a connected partition where each T_i has size at least (w_i)/3 and at most max({r,3}) w_i, where r ≥ 1 is the ratio between the largest and smallest value in w₁, … , w_k. In particular for the balanced version, i.e. w₁ = w₂ = , … , = w_k, this gives a partition with 1/3w_i ≤ w(T_i) ≤ 3w_i.

Cite as

Ralf Borndörfer, Katrin Casel, Davis Issac, Aikaterini Niklanovits, Stephan Schwartz, and Ziena Zeif. Connected k-Partition of k-Connected Graphs and c-Claw-Free Graphs. In Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 207, pp. 27:1-27:14, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


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@InProceedings{borndorfer_et_al:LIPIcs.APPROX/RANDOM.2021.27,
  author =	{Bornd\"{o}rfer, Ralf and Casel, Katrin and Issac, Davis and Niklanovits, Aikaterini and Schwartz, Stephan and Zeif, Ziena},
  title =	{{Connected k-Partition of k-Connected Graphs and c-Claw-Free Graphs}},
  booktitle =	{Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2021)},
  pages =	{27:1--27:14},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-207-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{207},
  editor =	{Wootters, Mary and Sanit\`{a}, Laura},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX/RANDOM.2021.27},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-147200},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX/RANDOM.2021.27},
  annote =	{Keywords: connected partition, Gy\H{o}ri-Lov\'{a}sz, balanced partition, approximation algorithms}
}
Document
Balanced Crown Decomposition for Connectivity Constraints

Authors: Katrin Casel, Tobias Friedrich, Davis Issac, Aikaterini Niklanovits, and Ziena Zeif

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 204, 29th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2021)


Abstract
We introduce the balanced crown decomposition that captures the structure imposed on graphs by their connected induced subgraphs of a given size. Such subgraphs are a popular modeling tool in various application areas, where the non-local nature of the connectivity condition usually results in very challenging algorithmic tasks. The balanced crown decomposition is a combination of a crown decomposition and a balanced partition which makes it applicable to graph editing as well as graph packing and partitioning problems. We illustrate this by deriving improved approximation algorithms and kernelization for a variety of such problems. In particular, through this structure, we obtain the first constant-factor approximation for the Balanced Connected Partition (BCP) problem, where the task is to partition a vertex-weighted graph into k connected components of approximately equal weight. We derive a 3-approximation for the two most commonly used objectives of maximizing the weight of the lightest component or minimizing the weight of the heaviest component.

Cite as

Katrin Casel, Tobias Friedrich, Davis Issac, Aikaterini Niklanovits, and Ziena Zeif. Balanced Crown Decomposition for Connectivity Constraints. In 29th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 204, pp. 26:1-26:15, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


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@InProceedings{casel_et_al:LIPIcs.ESA.2021.26,
  author =	{Casel, Katrin and Friedrich, Tobias and Issac, Davis and Niklanovits, Aikaterini and Zeif, Ziena},
  title =	{{Balanced Crown Decomposition for Connectivity Constraints}},
  booktitle =	{29th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2021)},
  pages =	{26:1--26:15},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-204-4},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{204},
  editor =	{Mutzel, Petra and Pagh, Rasmus and Herman, Grzegorz},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2021.26},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-146076},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2021.26},
  annote =	{Keywords: crown decomposition, connected partition, balanced partition, approximation algorithms}
}
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