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DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.72
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-106487
URL: http://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2019/10648/
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Hrubes, Pavel ; Natarajan Ramamoorthy, Sivaramakrishnan ; Rao, Anup ; Yehudayoff, Amir

Lower Bounds on Balancing Sets and Depth-2 Threshold Circuits

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Abstract

There are various notions of balancing set families that appear in combinatorics and computer science. For example, a family of proper non-empty subsets S_1,...,S_k subset [n] is balancing if for every subset X subset {1,2,...,n} of size n/2, there is an i in [k] so that |S_i cap X| = |S_i|/2. We extend and simplify the framework developed by Hegedüs for proving lower bounds on the size of balancing set families. We prove that if n=2p for a prime p, then k >= p. For arbitrary values of n, we show that k >= n/2 - o(n). We then exploit the connection between balancing families and depth-2 threshold circuits. This connection helps resolve a question raised by Kulikov and Podolskii on the fan-in of depth-2 majority circuits computing the majority function on n bits. We show that any depth-2 threshold circuit that computes the majority on n bits has at least one gate with fan-in at least n/2 - o(n). We also prove a sharp lower bound on the fan-in of depth-2 threshold circuits computing a specific weighted threshold function.

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{hrubes_et_al:LIPIcs:2019:10648,
  author =	{Pavel Hrubes and Sivaramakrishnan Natarajan Ramamoorthy and Anup Rao and Amir Yehudayoff},
  title =	{{Lower Bounds on Balancing Sets and Depth-2 Threshold Circuits}},
  booktitle =	{46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019)},
  pages =	{72:1--72:14},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-109-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{132},
  editor =	{Christel Baier and Ioannis Chatzigiannakis and Paola Flocchini and Stefano Leonardi},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{http://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2019/10648},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-106487},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.72},
  annote =	{Keywords: Balancing sets, depth-2 threshold circuits, polynomials, majority, weighted thresholds}
}

Keywords: Balancing sets, depth-2 threshold circuits, polynomials, majority, weighted thresholds
Seminar: 46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019)
Issue Date: 2019
Date of publication: 08.07.2019


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