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DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.143
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-107199
URL: http://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2019/10719/
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Gupta, Siddharth ; Kosowski, Adrian ; Viennot, Laurent

Exploiting Hopsets: Improved Distance Oracles for Graphs of Constant Highway Dimension and Beyond

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LIPIcs-ICALP-2019-143.pdf (0.5 MB)


Abstract

For fixed h >= 2, we consider the task of adding to a graph G a set of weighted shortcut edges on the same vertex set, such that the length of a shortest h-hop path between any pair of vertices in the augmented graph is exactly the same as the original distance between these vertices in G. A set of shortcut edges with this property is called an exact h-hopset and may be applied in processing distance queries on graph G. In particular, a 2-hopset directly corresponds to a distributed distance oracle known as a hub labeling. In this work, we explore centralized distance oracles based on 3-hopsets and display their advantages in several practical scenarios. In particular, for graphs of constant highway dimension, and more generally for graphs of constant skeleton dimension, we show that 3-hopsets require exponentially fewer shortcuts per node than any previously described distance oracle, and also offer a speedup in query time when compared to simple oracles based on a direct application of 2-hopsets. Finally, we consider the problem of computing minimum-size h-hopset (for any h >= 2) for a given graph G, showing a polylogarithmic-factor approximation for the case of unique shortest path graphs. When h=3, for a given bound on the space used by the distance oracle, we provide a construction of hopset achieving polylog approximation both for space and query time compared to the optimal 3-hopset oracle given the space bound.

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{gupta_et_al:LIPIcs:2019:10719,
  author =	{Siddharth Gupta and Adrian Kosowski and Laurent Viennot},
  title =	{{Exploiting Hopsets: Improved Distance Oracles for Graphs of Constant Highway Dimension and Beyond}},
  booktitle =	{46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019)},
  pages =	{143:1--143:15},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-109-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{132},
  editor =	{Christel Baier and Ioannis Chatzigiannakis and Paola Flocchini and Stefano Leonardi},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{http://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2019/10719},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-107199},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.143},
  annote =	{Keywords: Hopsets, Distance Oracles, Graph Algorithms, Data Structures}
}

Keywords: Hopsets, Distance Oracles, Graph Algorithms, Data Structures
Seminar: 46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019)
Issue Date: 2019
Date of publication: 08.07.2019


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