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DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2017.78
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-74638
URL: http://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2017/7463/
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Manurangsi, Pasin ; Raghavendra, Prasad

A Birthday Repetition Theorem and Complexity of Approximating Dense CSPs

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Abstract

A (k x l)-birthday repetition G^{k x l} of a two-prover game G is a game in which the two provers are sent random sets of questions from G of sizes k and l respectively. These two sets are sampled independently uniformly among all sets of questions of those particular sizes. We prove the following birthday repetition theorem: when G satisfies some mild conditions, val(G^{k x l}) decreases exponentially in Omega(kl/n) where n is the total number of questions. Our result positively resolves an open question posted by Aaronson, Impagliazzo and Moshkovitz [Aaronson et al., CCC, 2014]. As an application of our birthday repetition theorem, we obtain new fine-grained inapproximability results for dense CSPs. Specifically, we establish a tight trade-off between running time and approximation ratio by showing conditional lower bounds, integrality gaps and approximation algorithms; in particular, for any sufficiently large i and for every k >= 2, we show the following: - We exhibit an O(q^{1/i})-approximation algorithm for dense Max k-CSPs with alphabet size q via O_k(i)-level of Sherali-Adams relaxation. - Through our birthday repetition theorem, we obtain an integrality gap of q^{1/i} for Omega_k(i / polylog i)-level Lasserre relaxation for fully-dense Max k-CSP. - Assuming that there is a constant epsilon > 0 such that Max 3SAT cannot be approximated to within (1 - epsilon) of the optimal in sub-exponential time, our birthday repetition theorem implies that any algorithm that approximates fully-dense Max k-CSP to within a q^{1/i} factor takes (nq)^{Omega_k(i / polylog i)} time, almost tightly matching our algorithmic result. As a corollary of our algorithm for dense Max k-CSP, we give a new approximation algorithm for Densest k-Subhypergraph, a generalization of Densest k-Subgraph to hypergraphs. When the input hypergraph is O(1)-uniform and the optimal k-subhypergraph has constant density, our algorithm finds a k-subhypergraph of density Omega(n^{−1/i}) in time n^{O(i)} for any integer i > 0.

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{manurangsi_et_al:LIPIcs:2017:7463,
  author =	{Pasin Manurangsi and Prasad Raghavendra},
  title =	{{A Birthday Repetition Theorem and Complexity of Approximating Dense CSPs}},
  booktitle =	{44th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2017)},
  pages =	{78:1--78:15},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-041-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2017},
  volume =	{80},
  editor =	{Ioannis Chatzigiannakis and Piotr Indyk and Fabian Kuhn and Anca Muscholl},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{http://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2017/7463},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-74638},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2017.78},
  annote =	{Keywords: Birthday Repetition, Constraint Satisfaction Problems, Linear Program}
}

Keywords: Birthday Repetition, Constraint Satisfaction Problems, Linear Program
Seminar: 44th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2017)
Issue Date: 2017
Date of publication: 06.07.2017


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