Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik GmbH Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik GmbH scholarly article en Bläsius, Thomas; Freiberger, Cedric; Friedrich, Tobias; Katzmann, Maximilian; Montenegro-Retana, Felix; Thieffry, Marianne http://www.dagstuhl.de/lipics License
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URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-90246
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Efficient Shortest Paths in Scale-Free Networks with Underlying Hyperbolic Geometry

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Abstract

A common way to accelerate shortest path algorithms on graphs is the use of a bidirectional search, which simultaneously explores the graph from the start and the destination. It has been observed recently that this strategy performs particularly well on scale-free real-world networks. Such networks typically have a heterogeneous degree distribution (e.g., a power-law distribution) and high clustering (i.e., vertices with a common neighbor are likely to be connected themselves). These two properties can be obtained by assuming an underlying hyperbolic geometry. To explain the observed behavior of the bidirectional search, we analyze its running time on hyperbolic random graphs and prove that it is {O~}(n^{2 - 1/alpha} + n^{1/(2 alpha)} + delta_{max}) with high probability, where alpha in (0.5, 1) controls the power-law exponent of the degree distribution, and delta_{max} is the maximum degree. This bound is sublinear, improving the obvious worst-case linear bound. Although our analysis depends on the underlying geometry, the algorithm itself is oblivious to it.

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{blsius_et_al:LIPIcs:2018:9024,
  author =	{Thomas Bl{\"a}sius and Cedric Freiberger and Tobias Friedrich and Maximilian Katzmann and Felix Montenegro-Retana and Marianne Thieffry},
  title =	{{Efficient Shortest Paths in Scale-Free Networks with Underlying Hyperbolic Geometry}},
  booktitle =	{45th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and  Programming (ICALP 2018)},
  pages =	{20:1--20:14},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-076-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2018},
  volume =	{107},
  editor =	{Ioannis Chatzigiannakis and Christos Kaklamanis and D{\'a}niel Marx and Donald Sannella},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{http://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2018/9024},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-90246},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2018.20},
  annote =	{Keywords: random graphs, hyperbolic geometry, scale-free networks, bidirectional shortest path}
}

Keywords: random graphs, hyperbolic geometry, scale-free networks, bidirectional shortest path
Seminar: 45th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2018)
Issue date: 2018
Date of publication: 2018


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