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Safety of Parametrized Asynchronous Shared-Memory Systems is Almost Always Decidable

Authors Salvatore La Torre, Anca Muscholl, Igor Walukiewicz



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Salvatore La Torre
Anca Muscholl
Igor Walukiewicz

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Salvatore La Torre, Anca Muscholl, and Igor Walukiewicz. Safety of Parametrized Asynchronous Shared-Memory Systems is Almost Always Decidable. In 26th International Conference on Concurrency Theory (CONCUR 2015). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 42, pp. 72-84, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2015)
https://doi.org/10.4230/LIPIcs.CONCUR.2015.72

Abstract

Verification of concurrent systems is a difficult problem in general, and this is the case even more in a parametrized setting where unboundedly many concurrent components are considered. Recently, Hague proposed an architecture with a leader process and unboundedly many copies of a contributor process interacting over a shared memory for which safety properties can be effectively verified. All processes in Hague's setting are pushdown automata. Here, we extend it by considering other formal models and, as a main contribution, find very liberal conditions on the individual processes under which the safety problem is decidable: the only substantial condition we require is the effective computability of the downward closure for the class of the leader processes. Furthermore, our result allows for a hierarchical approach to constructing models of concurrent systems with decidable safety problem: networks with tree-like architecture, where each process shares a register with its children processes (and another register with its parent). Nodes in such networks can be for instance pushdown automata, Petri nets, or multi-pushdown systems with decidable reachability problem.
Keywords
  • Verification
  • parametrized systems
  • shared memory

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