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Nominal Büchi Automata with Name Allocation

Authors Henning Urbat , Daniel Hausmann , Stefan Milius , Lutz Schröder

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Author Details

Henning Urbat
  • Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Germany
Daniel Hausmann
  • Gothenburg University, Göteborg, Sweden
Stefan Milius
  • Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Germany
Lutz Schröder
  • Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Germany

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Henning Urbat, Daniel Hausmann, Stefan Milius, and Lutz Schröder. Nominal Büchi Automata with Name Allocation. In 32nd International Conference on Concurrency Theory (CONCUR 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 203, pp. 4:1-4:16, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


Infinite words over infinite alphabets serve as models of the temporal development of the allocation and (re-)use of resources over linear time. We approach ω-languages over infinite alphabets in the setting of nominal sets, and study languages of infinite bar strings, i.e. infinite sequences of names that feature binding of fresh names; binding corresponds roughly to reading letters from input words in automata models with registers. We introduce regular nominal nondeterministic Büchi automata (Büchi RNNAs), an automata model for languages of infinite bar strings, repurposing the previously introduced RNNAs over finite bar strings. Our machines feature explicit binding (i.e. resource-allocating) transitions and process their input via a Büchi-type acceptance condition. They emerge from the abstract perspective on name binding given by the theory of nominal sets. As our main result we prove that, in contrast to most other nondeterministic automata models over infinite alphabets, language inclusion of Büchi RNNAs is decidable and in fact elementary. This makes Büchi RNNAs a suitable tool for applications in model checking.

Subject Classification

ACM Subject Classification
  • Theory of computation → Automata over infinite objects
  • Data languages
  • infinite words
  • nominal sets
  • inclusion checking


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