3D Sketch Maps: Concept, Potential Benefits, and Challenges (Short Paper)

Authors Kevin Gonyop Kim , Jakub Krukar, Panagiotis Mavros, Jiayan Zhao, Peter Kiefer, Angela Schwering, Christoph Hölscher, Martin Raubal

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Author Details

Kevin Gonyop Kim
  • Institute of Cartography and Geoinformation, ETH Zürich, Switzerland
Jakub Krukar
  • Institute for Geoinformatics, Universität Münster, Germany
Panagiotis Mavros
  • Future Cities Laboratory, Singapore ETH Center, Singapore
Jiayan Zhao
  • Chair of Cognitive Science, ETH Zürich, Switzerland
Peter Kiefer
  • Institute of Cartography and Geoinformation, ETH Zürich, Switzerland
Angela Schwering
  • Institute for Geoinformatics, Universität Münster, Germany
Christoph Hölscher
  • Chair of Cognitive Science, ETH Zürich, Switzerland
Martin Raubal
  • Institute of Cartography and Geoinformation, ETH Zürich, Switzerland

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Kevin Gonyop Kim, Jakub Krukar, Panagiotis Mavros, Jiayan Zhao, Peter Kiefer, Angela Schwering, Christoph Hölscher, and Martin Raubal. 3D Sketch Maps: Concept, Potential Benefits, and Challenges (Short Paper). In 15th International Conference on Spatial Information Theory (COSIT 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 240, pp. 14:1-14:7, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)


Studying the 3D aspect of spatial information has become increasingly important due to changes in the way we interact with the surrounding environments as well as technological innovations. Current pen-and-paper approaches of sketch mapping have a limitation in investigating 3D spatial knowledge as they are forced to be drawn on 2D interfaces. In this paper, we propose the concept of 3D sketch mapping as a tool to study human spatial knowledge by externalizing the mental models of spatial information with 3D representations. The goal of this paper is to introduce the concept, discuss its potential importance and challenges, and share our vision for future research directions.

Subject Classification

ACM Subject Classification
  • Human-centered computing → Visualization theory, concepts and paradigms
  • Sketch maps
  • mental representations
  • spatial knowledge


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