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Extension of Additive Valuations to General Valuations on the Existence of EFX

Author Ryoga Mahara



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Ryoga Mahara
  • Research Institute for Mathematical Sciences, Kyoto University, Japan

Acknowledgements

The author would like to thank Yusuke Kobayashi for his generous support and useful discussion. This work was partially supported by the joint project of Kyoto University and Toyota Motor Corporation, titled "Advanced Mathematical Science for Mobility Society".

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Ryoga Mahara. Extension of Additive Valuations to General Valuations on the Existence of EFX. In 29th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 204, pp. 66:1-66:15, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)
https://doi.org/10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2021.66

Abstract

Envy-freeness is one of the most widely studied notions in fair division. Since envy-free allocations do not always exist when items are indivisible, several relaxations have been considered. Among them, possibly the most compelling concept is envy-freeness up to any item (EFX). We study the existence of EFX allocations for general valuations. The existence of EFX allocations is a major open problem. For general valuations, it is known that an EFX allocation always exists (i) when n = 2 or (ii) when all agents have identical valuations, where n is the number of agents. it is also known that an EFX allocation always exists when one can leave at most n-1 items unallocated. We develop new techniques and extend some results of additive valuations to general valuations on the existence of EFX allocations. We show that an EFX allocation always exists (i) when all agents have one of two general valuations or (ii) when the number of items is at most n+3. We also show that an EFX allocation always exists when one can leave at most n-2 items unallocated. In addition to the positive results, we construct an instance with n = 3 in which an existing approach does not work as it is.

Subject Classification

ACM Subject Classification
  • Theory of computation → Algorithmic game theory
Keywords
  • Discrete Fair Division
  • EFX allocations
  • General Valuations

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