Minimum Fill-in of Sparse Graphs: Kernelization and Approximation

Authors Fedor V. Fomin, Geevarghese Philip, Yngve Villanger

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Fedor V. Fomin
Geevarghese Philip
Yngve Villanger

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Fedor V. Fomin, Geevarghese Philip, and Yngve Villanger. Minimum Fill-in of Sparse Graphs: Kernelization and Approximation. In IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2011). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 13, pp. 164-175, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2011)


The Minimum Fill-in problem is to decide if a graph can be triangulated by adding at most k edges. The problem has important applications in numerical algebra, in particular in sparse matrix computations. We develop kernelization algorithms for the problem on several classes of sparse graphs. We obtain linear kernels on planar graphs, and kernels of size O(k^{3/2}) in graphs excluding some fixed graph as a minor and in graphs of bounded degeneracy. As a byproduct of our results, we obtain approximation algorithms with approximation ratios O(log{k}) on planar graphs and O(sqrt{k} log{k}) on H-minor-free graphs. These results significantly improve the previously known kernelization and approximation results for Minimum Fill-in on sparse graphs.
  • Minimum Fill-In
  • Approximation
  • Kernelization
  • Sparse graphs


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